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"A striking feature of weak states is that they face very few challenges from the people living in them. Why do weak states persist"
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Research and analysis revel that the major contributor of weak states’ persistence is international support and assistance.
Political scientists’ perception about the concept of state relies on Max Weber’s definition which entitles state as a corporate group that: holds a certain jurisdiction; practices continuous organization; maintains monopoly of power over territory and its population, in addition to all activities in its jurisdiction. The concept is primarily based on empirical and de facto aspects of statehood. The test for Weber’s state is the claim to monopoly of force in its jurisdiction. It implies that if an internal or external group or organization gets the hold and monopolistic control of a certain jurisdiction, it becomes a state. When there are several groups contesting for the same territory, and none can get control over and practice monopolistic force, Weber attributes this situation as “statelessness” (qtd. in Jackson and Carl 2-3).
According to Weber’s empirical approach to statehood, many African states can be disqualified from the status of being a state because they don’t practice monopoly of force over their territorial jurisdiction. Rivals to the national government effectively established monopoly in some of the cases. Absence of continuous control of a permanent political organization and anarchy exist in these states. Regardless of the lacking governmental control, anarchy, and uncertainty, these states persist as members of international society of states. If we consider that the empirical statehood led to the persistence of state, some of the African states must disqualify. However, they persist and none of the claimant governments who practiced de facto control could establish new states in the particular area (Jackson and Carl 3).
States definition that is based on juridical attributes of statehood is Ian Brownlie’s. He defines state as a legal person authorized by international law.
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It is evident from the study that students whose first language is not English have trouble with working out written word problems in mathematics. Therefore, those learners who acquire formal education within their home countries rarely have trouble with word problems in numeracy. Having the background knowledge in numeracy also enables learners to perform better grades.
The above characteristics of states have been used in order to explain the existence of two different types of states: strong and weak. In general, it would be preferable for a state to be strong being more capable to protect the national interests (Krasner 1978); however, in practice, it has been impossible for all countries worldwide to develop competencies and policies that characterize the strong states.
This has been necessitated by the increasing need for the hospitality industries all over the world. Various quality management initiatives have been established both at the micro and macro levels to ensure that the service industries provide the best quality services to enable them have them attract and remain more clients.
Weber presents an empirical concept of state, as an authority which exercises complete control over the activities happening within a territory of its jurisdiction. On the other hand, Brownlie defines state in terms of its judicial capacity as an authority recognized by international law for having the right to govern an area, control its population, regulate its trade and economy and enter into effective relationship with other states.
Information that is contained in the stock market data is considered by a few to be able to guide investors and analysts about the future course the stock markets might take in terms of predicting equity prices and returns. A lot of technical analysis is based upon this belief.
The discussion in this essay is fully related to the above definition, which needs to explore concepts of security sector reforms and 'weak state'. Additionally how these reforms would have an impact towards pushing these weak states forward
The Security Sector Reforms in particular has been thoroughly defined by the United Nation International Research and Training Institute for the Women Advancement.
??countries that lack the essential capacity and/ or will to fulfill four sets of critical government responsibilities” which include fostering an environment conducive to sustainable and equitable economic growth; establishing and maintaining legitimate, transparent and
uld not develop relevant anti-instrumental arguments, they turned to suggesting that perhaps nature had, or ought to have some rights of its own (Hargrove, 182). It is from this suggestion that the rights of nature emanated and began to be discussed. While agreeing with the