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How do the Memorial Day Massacre and the UAW sit-down strikes compare - Essay Example

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This paper compares labor struggles in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, such as the Homestead Strikes, Haymarket Affair, 1902 Coal Strike, and Ludlow Massacre, and the Memorial Day Massacre and the UAW sit-down strikes. It assesses the changing role and effects of…
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How do the Memorial Day Massacre and the UAW sit-down strikes compare
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"How do the Memorial Day Massacre and the UAW sit-down strikes compare"

Download file to see previous pages twentieth century; however, the same violence erupted between the workers and the state/private police from the nineteenth to the early twentieth centuries.
During the nineteenth centuries, Homestead Strikes, Haymarket Affair, 1902 Coal Strike, and Ludlow Massacre occurred and showed that the companies and local government worked closely to stifle labor organizations’ freedom of speech and assembly. On May 1886, the workers at the McCormick Harvesting Machine Co. in Chicago staged a strike, as they demanded a shorter work day. On May 3, police were used to defend strikebreakers and a fight took place; one person was killed and several others were injured. On May 4, some 20,000 demonstrators were expected to show up at Haymarket Square, but rain and cold lowered the numbers down to around 1,500. The gathering was nonviolent until a police official sent a dispersal unit. Someone threw a pipe bomb into the police ranks, which instantly killed four policemen and sixty civilians. The police fired back and killed several workers. The Homestead strikes featured a greater degree of violence, as the company used private militia to respond to workers on strike. In 1892, the Homestead lodges of the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers and the Carnegie Steel Company, Limited conflicted during the negotiations for several months and what happened next was The Homestead Strike. Union and non-union workers united and supported their leader Hugh ODonnell. Henry Clay Frick from the company made arrangements with Pinkertons National Detective Agency of New York, so that 300 strike-breaking detectives, called the “Pinkertons,” would break the strike. Workers sounded alarms when the Pinkertons were seen. No one could say who started the gun shooting, but the detectives fired on the workers and wounded some of the latter. Six days after this, the National Guard of Pennsylvania arrived in Homestead, as ordered by Governor Robert E. Pattison. The company then threw ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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