As part of the Arab-Israeli conflict, the Yom Kippur War was a battle in continuation from the 1948 war. Israel captured Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula to the Suez Canal, which were the cease-fire line and some parts of the Golan Heights of Syria…
Download file to see previous pages...
The decision of Israel was to be handed over by the U.S, government to the Arab states. The U.S. was informed about the decision but not to hand it over to the Arabs. There was no evidence of receipt neither Egypt nor Syria, who in fact never received the offer. It was kept closely guarded within the government of Israel, which was withdrawn in October 1967.
Like anyone who lost a property, Egypt and Syria craved to regain the land they lost during the Six-Day War. Nevertheless, a summit issued the “three no’s” resolving there will be “NO peace, NO recognition and NO negotiation with Israel.” This is the Khartoum Arab Summit. (2)
Convincing allies and non-allies to join you in war is not an easy thing to do not to mention the consequences these entail. The Iraqis turned down the idea of joining the preliminary attack. Syria had a tensed relationship with Iraq, so getting Iraq’s aid was unsuccessful. Lebanon was not expected to join the war since they share a border with Israel, not to mention the small army they had. (3) But nevertheless, Sadat did not lose hopes in getting aid from other countries. A few months before the war, Sadat was engaged in a tactful, diplomatic, and suave offensive to try to win support for war. He claimed the support of more than a hundred states. These countries were mostly of the Arab League, Non-Aligned Movement, and Organization of African Unity. He also got the support of Europe and for the first time, Britain and France sided with the Arabs against Israel on the UN Security Council.
II. Pre-Event Actions
The suave offensive of Sadat, which won the aid of other countries, materialized. Long before the war broke out, the Iraqis transferred a squadron of hunter jets to Egypt. A division of 18,000 men and hundreds of tanks were deployed in the central Golan. Their MiGs began operating on the third day of the war. (4)
Kuwait and Saudi Arabia committed their men to battle aside from serving as financial underwriters. A brigade from Saudi of approximately 3000 troops was sent off to Syria where it engaged in fighting to Damascus. Libya sent Egypt a number of Mirage fighters and from 1971-1973, President Muammar Qadaffi gave Cairo more than $1 billion to support their thirst for regaining Egypt and for payment to the weapons delivered by the Soviets. (5)
Support came so overwhelmingly. North African countries responded to the thirst of Egypt. Soviet commanded an aid for the frontline states. An armored brigade and 150 tanks were sent by Algeria together with three aircraft squadrons of bombers and fighters. Almost 2000 Tunisian soldiers were deployed along the Nile Delta, 3500 troops from Sudan in southern Egypt and 3 brigades to the front lines from Morocco including 2500 men to Syria.
III. The Event
On the holiest day in the Jewish calendar, October 6, 1973, Egypt and Syria opened a coordinated surprise attack against Israel, which was named "The Yom Kippur War." The warships at par with those of NATO's in Europe were mobilized on the borders of Israel.
Israel with approximately 180 tanks surprisingly faced an onslaught of 1400 tanks from Syria and their almost 500 defenders were attacked by 80,000 Egyptians. (6) The Israeli Intelligence, known as one of the most aggressive and successful intelligence networks in history seemed to fail this time. The Arabs had more time in planning the war against Israel. They incorporated a fine use of deception and disinformation to disguise their furiously deadly intent. On the other hand, Israel had been
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
World History. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the risk to the Middle East and the US of a nuclear Islamic Iran ready to attack Israel or threaten it on behalf of a Palestinian cause at a time of perceived US domestic political weakness. If this worst case scenario happens, what do you think will be the reaction of the US, NATO, Israel, UN, European Union, Region Arab states and Russia.
Causes of the Arab-Israeli conflict of the 1973
The Israeli-Arab war of 1973 is considered as one of the most recent fully-fledged war after the Second World War pitying more than one country. In this war, the Arabs acted as the antagonist after they organized a surprise attack against Israel resulting into an international conflict that was ended through the intervention of other superpowers (Bard, 2012).
The oil companies and other intermediaries participated with the embargo resulting to unheard levels of increase in world oil prices, reaching as high as four times the previous highs. Economies in industrialized countries in the world were greatly affected.
Significantly, the Arab nations initiated four important wars against Israel which include the War of Independence in 1948, the Sinai War of 1956, the Six Day War in 1967, and the Yom Kippur War of 1973. It is essential to recognise that the conflict between these two nations began as a political and nationalist clash over competing territorial ambitions after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire and the conflict involves the foundation of the Zionist movement and the ensuing formation of the modern State of Israel.
However, these prices were short-term price increases and the cartel was unable to sustain these levels as prices fell dramatically, and by 1985 had fallen to below $20 per barrel (2004 dollars) (Williams). Several market forces confronted OPEC, and it became ineffective at managing supply and unable to control the price.
McAlister theorized that the King Tut exhibit was more than an exhibit, but a bridge between the US and the Middle East. This bridge allowed the US to not only further their oil interests, but show superiority in
Yom Kippur (the day of antonement) (House 137) is the most holy day for Jews and similarly Ramadan is the holiest month for the Muslims. Both of them are fasts; for Jews, it’s a single day, for Muslims, it’s a whole
A UN sponsored ceasefire ended the war on 22 October. Although Israel repulsed the Arab advances, there were no clear winners or losers in the war. Israel effectively won the war. However, it suffered a psychological defeat in that the
Iraq and Kuwait relations were characterized by Iraqi government not willing to recognize Kuwait as a separate state. Since Kuwait independence, Iraqi government sought various opportunities to occupy and annex Kuwait. With this 1961, a short-lived crisis evolved 1961, as Iraqi government threatened to invade Kuwait.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic The Yom Kippur War for FREE!