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Buckingham Palace:a historical landmark - Essay Example

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Summary
Being very rich in art and history,Buckingham palace,originally known as Buckingham House,remains one of the most visited tourist spots in London.Apart from this, Buckingham palace, to date, may be considered as one of the most well-known and most beautiful functioning royal places in the world…
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Buckingham Palace:a historical landmark
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Buckingham Palace:a historical landmark

Download file to see previous pages... Being very rich in art and history, Buckingham palace, originally known as Buckingham House, remains one of the most visited tourist spots in London (Royal Residences 555). Apart from this, Buckingham palace, to date, may be considered as one of the most well-known and most beautiful functioning royal places in the world. It also known for its neo-classical style for which it has gained the recognition in the whole of EuropeFrom the beginning of the 18th century, the Buckingham countryhouse was owned by the Dukes of Buckingham (Royal Residences 555). Sice 1837, the palace has been home to the British monarchy, and today, the palace serves as home and headquarters to the Queen of England (Royal Residences 569). In fact, every time that the Queen is inside the castle, the British flag is raised.Located in Westminster across from the St. James Park in London, the palace boasts of 19 state rooms, 52 bedrooms both for the royal family and for guests, 188 staff bedrooms, 92 offices, and 78 toilets and baths (Royal Residences 569). With this much rooms, only a part of the palace is still used by the Royal family. However, with more than 50,000 people from both England and other parts of the world visiting the palace, other parts of the castle like the state rooms are open for visitors and tourists (Royal Residences 569).In 1702, the Buckingham house was originally built to be the countryhouse of the first Duke of Buckingham, John Sheffield (About Britain para. 6). However, in 1761, King George III purchased the house for Queen Charlotte his wife, from the son of the duke, Sir Charles Sheffield (About Britain para. 6). Following this was the remodelling of the home to the King's likings by William Chambers in 1762 for a fee of 73,000 (Royal Residences 568).
King George IV, on the other hand, upon his succession to the throne, renovated the house into a pied--terre, and hired John Nash in 1825 to do the reconstruction (Royal Residences 568). John Nash thus came up with a design so lavish and extravagant as he had ever accomplished. By the end of 1836, George IV changed his mind and thus decided to turn the house into a palace, and asked the parliament for a reasonable budget of 450,000 (Royal Residences 568).
Due to the escalation of costs, John Nash was fired from his post. Hence, as George IV died in 1830, the successor to the thront, George IV's younger brother William IV hired Edward Blore to proceed with the reconstruction (Royal Residence 568).
Gardens
The garden at Buckingham palace is indeed one of the most lush and beautiful gardens in the world, with 16 hectares of land that is friendly and inviting to both wildlife and humans. As Jane Brown notes, the gardens of Buckngham Palace is the only place in London "where wintry magic can survive" (para. 4).
These 16 hectares or 39 acres of land outside the boundaries of St. James's Palace were turned into a graden by the cavalier Lord Goring in the 1640s. Lord Arlington, a powerful politician, then bought this garden from Goring and developed what is now known as the notorious "Mulberry Garden". As Arlington was a ardent gardener, he was able to grow different plants - from lilies, violets, and carnations to tulips and roses. (Brown para. 6)
When John Sheffield bought the property in 1702, he hired Henry Wise, the gardener of Queen Anne. Wise then laid out a lovely forecourt facing the St. James Park Mall, with sophisticated statues and fountains beside the house and a 600-yard canal along a meadow of flowers. Also present were orange trees in a glasshouse and lime trees. (Brown para. 7)
As the Duke's gardens were very much envied by the royalties, when King George III purchased the Buckingham house, they then hired 'Capability' Brown who then redesigned the garden and turned it into a park. To date, Brown's serpentine drive around the boundary of the land remains. (Brown para. 9 ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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