Abraham Lincoln, a tall, rawboned product of the early nineteenth-century frontier, represents symbolically and in reality many of the great themes of Amrican history".In Decatur on the 9th and 10th of May 1860, the Illinois state convention was held.Lincoln received his first endorsement to run for presidency in this convention. Defeating candidates such as William H. Seward and Salmon P. Chase, he became the Republican candidate on the third ballot at the 1860Republican National Convention on 18th of May in Chicago.Defeating Democrat Stephen A. Douglas, John Bell of the new constitutional party and John C. Breckinridge of the Southern Democrats on the 6th of November 1860 Lincoln was elected as the 16th President of the United States of America. Lincoln was the first Republican president who won entirely on the strength of his support in the North. By the mid 1850s, the Republicans emerged as the first sectional party of the nation and due to this the old Second Party System collapsed and the Second Party System was created by realignment. It acted as a dais on which sectional tensions were played out. The Democratic Party supported the slave system.The election in 1854 saw a realignment of voting patterns and was called the 'Realignment election'. The election of President Abraham Lincoln was seen as a turning point in balancing the power between the parochial and national interests. This election led to the secessionists leaving the Union to form a separate country called the Confederate
States of America.