Nobody downloaded yet

Coal Industry in Wales between 1945 - 1985 - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
During the nineteenth and the twentieth centuries, Wales witnessed a complex relationship between coal, politics, and the community. The country's modern history has especially been shaped by the importance of coal as a vital source of energy (Davis 2006)…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.3% of users find it useful
Coal Industry in Wales between 1945 - 1985
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Coal Industry in Wales between 1945 - 1985"

Download file to see previous pages Wales, as a nation, has largely been built around welsh language, and partly on collective identity by virtue of the coalfield communities. In the Wales, the labor party was held in reverence, owing to political and cultural references to coal. During the 1984-1985, the coal mine workers went on strike, following a change of government by Margaret Thatcher. The conservative party, unlike the labor party that was more concerned with the welfare of the mine workers and wealth distribution, was more concerned with free trade (Gildart 2001).
This move was also not popular with both the national union of mineworkers (NUM) and the national coal board (NCB) that was recording losses. Market fluctuations, labor intensity, geographic concentration, distinctive structure and nature of the coal mining industry are some of the features that characterized this industry in the United Kingdom during the twentieth century (Davis 2006). The coalfields were so dependent on a limited economic activities range that once there was a decline in the market for coal, there occurred a widespread social distress, unemployment, and bitter disputes in industrial relations. As such, coal mining has served as an example to a number of social, economic and political issues in the history of modern Britain.

State of the industry before 1945
During the industrial revolution, coal mining evolved into a large scale affair, as it was the primary source of energy for transportation and industries during the period between the eighteenth century and the 1950s. Compared to other sources of energy such as electricity, coal is steal abundant and of a lower cost. However, the discovery and mining of coal in other areas such as the United States led to a significant drop in the demand for coal from the Wales on a global scale. Additionally, oils and other associated fuels were now gaining popularity as an alternative source of energy (Davis 2006).

By the late twentieth century, coal was rapidly being replaced as a source of energy in the transportation and industrial sectors, as well as at the domestic level. During the twentieth century, there was an increase in both output and manpower, and this ensured that Wales had its peak coal production. In 1913, Wales produced about 57 million tons of coal in 620 mines that employed 232,000 men. By 1913, Britain had over 2,500 mines. These were producing in excess of 290 million tones of coal (Davis 2006).

Of these, 30 percent was meant for export. By 1938, just prior to the Second World War, the number of mines had reduced to 1,900, and the output plummeted to 230 million tones. Export was just over 50 million tones. This notwithstanding, the scale of the industry was still considered to be very large. By 1913, South Wales produced about 20 percent of all the coal in the United Kingdom (Gildart 2001). This came from coalfields in Durham/Northumberland, and Yorkshire and Scotland. The counties and towns where these mines were located became home to thousands of mines workers.

By 1921, almost half of all the adult male workers found in Glamorgan happened to be coal miners. Following the end of the First World War ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Coal Industry in Wales between 1945 - 1985 Essay”, n.d.)
Coal Industry in Wales between 1945 - 1985 Essay. Retrieved from
(Coal Industry in Wales Between 1945 - 1985 Essay)
Coal Industry in Wales Between 1945 - 1985 Essay.
“Coal Industry in Wales Between 1945 - 1985 Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
Coal to Liquid Technology
...7,014,934 USA 1,003,066 1,048,295 997,478 1,120,548 1,127,998 US as a percentage of the world 13.11% 13.63% 15.29% 16.07% Table 1: Coal Consumption USA and the World (source U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)) The table indicates that USA alone accounted for approximately 14.33% of the world’s coal consumption between 2007 and 2010. In 2007 the US accounted for 16%. Although the world’s consumption of coal increased in 2008, coal consumption in the US declined by a small margin. Both world consumption and US consumption declined in 2009. However, while the world consumption declined by negligible amounts (9,271 million short tons) the US...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
The Automotive Industry 1945-1960
...and business to consumer level. Between 1945 and 1960 some 30 million Americans moved to the suburbs, the growth of which was a huge boon to the auto industry. By the early 1950s the auto industry faced a crisis of falling unit demand, as most families now owned a car. At the same time working people’s discretionary spending was rising. Given these factors, the Big Three (GM, Ford and Crysler) moved to increase each car’s size and array of new gadgets, and at the same time increase the frequency of the introduction of new models (Rooke). GM, Ford and Crysler are the three automobile companies which put strong foundations to the growth in American automobile...
10 Pages(2500 words)Term Paper
All about Coal
...(Undiscovered Scotland, 2011). The reason for the gathering of coal was primarily for household uses, namely heat. It was later discovered that it played an important role with its heating capabilities in smelting, alloy production and the generation of electricity. Sir George Bruce created a loading island where he sank a shaft connected to two others for drainage purposes and ventilation. This form of technology was extraordinary in coal mining during medieval times, often considered an industrial wonder of the time. In the 17th century many advances in the techniques used for mining were discovered, including test boring and drainage of the collieries, to allow the...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
How coal is fromed
...?Coal is one of the most ancient known sources of energy in the world. It is been used almost since the beginning of the humanity. For centuries it has been vital for the mankind to sustain heat in dwellings as well as being used for cooking, making clay pots and much more. Later, with the industry development, besides being a source of energy and fuel, the coal became a vital element in steel and cement production, production of benzol, methane, tar, coke and more. Coal is one most important and used source of the energy in the world. It has been used to produce almost 40% of electricity worldwide, with some countries using it much more extensively for that purpose:...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
Uses of coal
.... Chronicles from the Middle Ages provide the first evidence of coal mining in Europe and even of an international trade as sea coal from exposed coal seams on the English coast was gathered and exported to Belgium. (The Coal Resource). Coal has played this significant role for centuries – not only providing electricity, but also an important fuel for steel and cement production, and other industrial undertakings. Most people think of coal as being used only as a fuel for burning, either to heat buildings directly, or to make electricity. But coal has many other uses. Coal is one of a...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
Mountaintop Removal Coal Mining
...process does not only impact negatively on the surrounding ecosystem and the state of health of people nearby, but also on the general well being of people living around the mine sites. Human labor has greatly being reduced at the mining sites due to the heavy mechanization of the mining process (Perk 6). Communities that used to exist due to the economic activity of mining tend to disappear due to lack of employment. With the advance in explosives technology, human labor is reduced significantly since it is expensive and less efficient. The mining and sale of coal is a multibillion dollar industry but the sad reality is the counties in the Central Appalachian regions are among the poorest in the whole...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
...the rate was 7.8% in the case of the whole UK for the same period. Deprivation index: - while analyzing the Wales’ deprivation index 2012, it seems that the country has satisfactory living conditions. Wales as a Tourist Destination According to BBC report dated Sep19, 2012, Wales is a rapidly emerging tourist destination in the United Kingdom with an annual industry turnover of ?3.5 billion. Statistical reports indicate that 8,078,900 people visited National Trust and Welsh Tourist Board destinations in 2002 (Wales Information, n.d.). Tourism industry plays a key role in boosting the economic growth of the Wales. To...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Slope mining coal
...and Number of the Teacher’s SLOPE MINING OF COAL Introduction Slope mines are used in the mining of coal and other underground minerals which are deep under the ground, due to which surface mining is unable to reach it. The term “slope mine” arises from its function as a slanting shaft or tunnel passing through the mountain down to the coal bed. The slope mine is used where the drilling of shafts vertically down through the moutain is not possible. Slope mines are mostly less deep than the mines with vertical shafts. In cases where the coal layer is near the surface of the earth, horizontal mines are bored through to access the coal easily. However, with...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Proposal
Coal Energy
...coal liquification. It focuses its attention on the link between the worlds large coal reserves and the green energy movement. Significance of the problem Energy crisis is one of the severe problems faced by many countries irrespective developed or developing. The huge population growth and the heavy industrialization processes made energy an inevitable entity for the modern life. It is unimaginable to think about a world without electricity or vehicles. At the same time most of the conventional energy sources like coal and petroleum are non-renewable energies and also the processing of these energy sources is creating lot of problems to the...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Crude Oil Prices between 1985 and 1994 Article Analysis
... Crude Oil Prices Between 1985 And 1994 Andre Plourde and G.C. Watkins, in their study, suggest, “Between 1985 and 1994 crude oil was in the upper end of the range of all measures of price volatility studied, but not clearly beyond the bounds set by other commodities”[And98]. The authors of the article, “Crude Oil Prices between 1985 and 1994: How Volatile in relation to other commodities?” studied the volatility of oil prices between the years mentioned and the relationship between oil price volatility and other commodities. The article draws its origin from the observation that it had been...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Coal Industry in Wales between 1945 - 1985 for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us