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The Curia Regis in 13th century - Essay Example

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Generally, the term litigation is not a recent invention. The medieval law courts immensely and reasonably placed a contribution in surviving public records. During the medieval and early modern times, all the English legal proceedings seemed to be a very difficult one and it was a process which was very confusing in terms of evolution throughout the medieval times…
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The Curia Regis in 13th century
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The Curia Regis in 13th century

Download file to see previous pages... These two major sections are the Bench, which was later known as the Court of Common Pleas. The first section comprised of most of the civil cases, and this was said to be the most-busy medieval court. (Public Records: Common Law Records)
The second section was the King's Bench, where pleas were put to the ears of the king. This was called the 'Coram Rege'. This influenced the criminal cases, i.e. the crown side, or pleas of the crown, and also looked into few civil cases mostly those which involved the violation of the king's peace (Public Records: Common Law Records) The common law is a group of legal discretion of each and every legal system that has in recent times reached a level of involvedness. Because of its special characteristic features, the common law is stated to be a body of rule which at no cost can be matched with another similar body of rule belonging to the same legal system. The common law comprises of a precise body of contents which is applied generally outside any particular category. Thus the contents of the common law are not constant and it varies accordingly. (Common Law).
During the Renaissance and Reformation period of the European history it was found to be an age of profound revolutionary change. There cannot be any revolution which is understood without analyzing the destruction and modification that preceded them. Only in possession of the knowledge of the middle Ages, the concept of Renaissance and the Reformation could be understood and welcomed. The western European society during the middle ages contributed to a large segment of population which comprised of the tillers of the soil, and the main basis of wealth and political power was the land. The Industry and commerce were not given a significant importance. This was due to the pursuits that prevailed during the Roman times or were to be prevalent in the modern era. Thus there was a term which took its origin in the recent times to describe the type of government that existed in the medieval Europe. This term was called 'feudalism'. (Medieval Civilization and Institutions)
The origin of feudalism was put to great debate whether it originated from the Romans or the Germans The response to this question or debate was that feudalism originated from the Germans and later was also put into practice by the Romans. The medieval feudalism was accustomed to a state of society where the land was the source of wealth and the military force which was the basis of power consequently blocking the agrarian society. Further after the breakdown of Rome, and when Western Europe was subject to attacks by Moslems, Norsemen, and Hungarians, the concept of feudalism took shape. This concept could be said successful in maintaining order, until when the thirteenth century came to an end. It was followed throughout in the West and in some areas, particularly Italy where it did not ever take deep roots. Thus only with the help of the oldest inhabitants of a given area, the law applicable to it need not be made, but had to be found. This information could be given by the earliest uses of the jury, which means a sworn body of men. (Medieval Civilization and Institutions)
During the thirteenth-century, the appeal by the king's courts, were of first importance for legal historians and all researchers who were in the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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