The author of this essay "Poverty in England" casts light on the poverty in the 19th century in England. It is mentioned that in the essay the causes behind the poverty that existed in Britain between 1890 and 1914 are analyzed…
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The class-bound society did not permit infiltration and this social structure was largely responsible for an impoverished condition of the working classes. One could not work one’s way to the top and things began to stagnate for the working class. This led to workers unions and other activities that recognized the poverty that existed in the lower strata of the British society. It also led to an increase in violence in the society. “The ‘cultural grammar’ of any society provides numerous opportunities to breach social rules” (Violence and Crime in the Nineteenth Century England: The Shadow of our Refinement, J. Carter Wood, Routledge; 1 edition (June 17, 2004) The distribution of resources was largely unequal and the inequality of income made the situation all the worse. While countries like Germany and the United States possessed fast-paced developing industries and an abundance of natural resources yet to be exploited, Britain had none of these and had to look overseas for these resources. This worsened the situation. The threat of an upcoming war that engulfed numerous countries of the world, meant that Britain had to get her war-strategies and preparation right. This, in turn, meant a huge amount of expenditure, which is another reason that led to the neglect of a portion of the society, that remain impoverished.It is later that the Government recognized these facts and in order to appease the dissatisfied working class, introduced welfare reforms and wage hikes.
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The welfare state has interceded against the capitalistic malevolence such as the short-term Beveridge scheme, in the UK and other European countries, which served as a working class bribe and yet demanded legitimization and persistence of welfare state (Fitzgerald 1977).
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7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
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