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French Revolution During 18th Century - Essay Example

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This essay discusses the French revolution of the 18th century, that had significant impact on its neighbouring countries as well as on France itself. The revolutionary armies under the leadership of Napoleon conquered major parts of Europe which brought radical institutional changes. …
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French Revolution During 18th Century
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Download file to see previous pages (Lind Frey, 2004) The immediate cause of revolution was financial crisis that originated due to war in America that was financed through borrowing by Necker and same method was adopted by Calonne to pay off the arrears which increased the deficit. Fiscal administration was so confusing that the rough analysis of financial statements of March 1788 of Old Regime budget estimated expenditures at about 629 million livres and receipts of 503 million leaving behind the deficit of 126 million or 20% which was attributed to court wastefulness and financers profit. The emptied treasury resulted in cutbacks of pension and stockholders Bank of Discounts were made legal tender. (Georges Lefebvre, Elizabeth Moss Evanson and Paul H. Beik) Ronald Schechter presents the argument of Furet wherein it is mentioned that the revolution of 1787 marked the first capitulation of the state to the demands of the sharing the power between the administrative officials and elected representatives of third estates. (Ronald Schechter, 2001)
Kings under capability of handling the situation of crisis after the war made him a weaker leader. Louis XVI was not able to control the deficit and adopted the same method that Necker used to finance the war in America. And moreover the new taxation policy by imposing the tax on elite groups like notables, and other merchants ignited the sense of revolt among the Third Estate members to which they disagreed. These factors sparked the beginning of revolution in France.
The revolt from elite groups created an excitement among the commoners, notably lawyers and they supported the nobles in revolt against king even though he was authorizing them to plead his case. The Patriot Party was formed which provoked counter argument using brochures with cautious...
This essay describes the French Revolution, that was the major event during the 18th century that shook the entire world and economy of France. It laid the foundation for human rights through Declaration of the Rights of Man which provided equal status to poor and downtrodden on par with nobles and clergy. It was the Estates General meeting called by Louis XVI to elect the deputies that led the revolt among the Third Estate. The revolt intensified when Third Estate broke the stalemate and spread the revolt across France inviting First and Second Estate to join the rebel. The peasants’ war broke out resulting in loss of human life. Aftermath of the revolution, the French government implemented various provision and policies to cope with the economic crisis. The French revolution had various effects in forms of economy, society, political and religion. There were no differences maintained in the state school and government authorized the positions of pastor and bishops. France received dramatic response from neighboring countries in the form of war including America. It also promoted nationalism which was also adopted by Italy and Germany under Napoleon and influenced most of the European countries to adopt parliamentary democracy. Such was the impact of the revolution that evolved the democratic form of government which is followed almost by all the countries in world today giving equal rights and opportunity to each and every citizen irrespective of race, religion, social and financial status. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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