We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Urbanization in ancient Greece - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Cities are a comparatively new advancement of human culture, boosted by a stable supply of food. The formation of cities was as a result of the need for effort coordination, organization and central authority. …
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER
Urbanization in ancient Greece
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Urbanization in ancient Greece

Download file to see previous pages... One key characteristic of these settlements was lack of governmental authority beyond the boundaries of the village (Chant et al, 2000). In addition, these villages did not have any workshops or public buildings. Such egalitarian societies persevered on even after the introduction of agriculture.

The egalitarian societies were stratified and turned into functionally specialized units by the formation of states and urbanization (Chant et al, 1999). This process took place independently in numerous regions of the world, probably starting from the Southwest Asian region, which was very fertile.

The formative era referred to the period between the years 7000 to 5000 BC, which was characterised by urbanization and state development, which complemented each other. Upon the stratification of the egalitarian society, there emerged craftspeople, farmers, soldiers, administrators, merchants and priests, with the cities becoming the civilization focus (Chant, 1999).

In the development of Greece cities, the natural environment as well as the existing technologies played a key role. These cities were built in around the eighth century by the Greeks. Distinguishing how the shape of the buildings in the cities was influenced by the natural environment or the available technologies is not easy. This is because there exists a very dynamic relationship between the natural environment and technology, with each shaping or being shaped by the other.

Military technologies and needs were very important determinants in the layout and growth of Greek cities. Some of the initial cities in Greece grew as a result of pressure since the people needed to defend themselves form their enemies. As a result they were generally located on rocky positions, which were regarded as defensible. They were also positioned some distance from the harbour, with heavy fortification (Chant et al, 2000).

Wall-building proved to be the most expensive and laborious task and involved very impressive engineering accomplishments in the architecture of Greece. Stone was in abundance and was used the building material, with its properties determining the style of construction. For instance, lintels and posts were frequently used in the construction of public monuments.

Stone, which was the building material of choice, needed lifting technologies that utilized people as opposed to hoists (Chant et al, 1999). Cranes were not in use until much later, in 515 BC and beyond. They came into use as a result of labour shortage and not because of their capability of lifting larger blocks of stone.

The unplanned growth of the earliest settlements was substituted by a bit more formal buildings, mainly after Persian attacks in the fifth century. With the advancement of technology in the military, it became necessary to adopt a defensive layout for the city streets. In the process of the reconstruction of these cities, there was development of numerous town planning theories, most of which were put into practice, with the grid plan becoming very common. Aristotle advocated for a city design of a defensive nature, which uses both the irregular and regular features. This, he argued, was aimed at reconciling the strain of moving both the equipment and troops easily, and to confuse any attackers (Chant, 2000).

Natural Environment
The location of earlier settlements was mainly determined by the natural ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Urbanization in ancient Greece Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved de https://studentshare.org/history/1500262-urbanization-in-ancient-greece
(Urbanization in Ancient Greece Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
https://studentshare.org/history/1500262-urbanization-in-ancient-greece.
“Urbanization in Ancient Greece Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1500262-urbanization-in-ancient-greece.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Ceramic Artwork in Ancient Greece
This essay has considered the nature of ancient Greek ceramics. It has demonstrated that as early a 1000 B.C. Greek culture demonstrate considerable artistry in terms of ceramic craftsmanship. The essay went on the considerable the evolution of ancient Greek ceramic art through a variety of styles and periods throughout the height of Greek cultural influence.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Ancient Greece Architecture
The Ancient Greek Culture, especially its art and architecture, greatly flourished and reached its peak on the mainland of Greece, in Peloponnesus, the Aegean Islands and in Italy and Asia Minor (present-day Turkey). In these locations, many beautiful pieces of Greek buildings and designs can be found.
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
Cycladic Art of Ancient Greece
The Cycladic art is divided into three periods in which it developed to be an attractive and fine art globally. The first period is traced at around 2800 to 2500 BCE, followed by 2500 to 2200 BCE and lastly, 2200 to 200 BCE. Every period was well-presented in this essay, the researcher also discussed the art pieces, that were found recently.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
The Gods of Ancient Greece
Ancient Greeks believed in many gods and goddesses. They had gods of everything around them that include sea, weather, marriage, sun and agriculture. For the Ancient Greeks the gods as a whole represented an important concept – the nature in all its enunciation and every god or goddess associated with one or more forces of nature.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Ancient Greece
When the term Ancient Greek is used, it usually refers to the period of the Greek History. The same is further subdivided into many ages to differentiate the activities of the Greek people during different periods. The influence and the various achievements of the Greeks gave rise to Renaissance in Western Europe, this goes to show that they over achieved in the cultural aspects and the same became the reason for their political achievements being ignored.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Ancient Greece and Magna Graecia
It included the settlement in Sicily and the southern Italian peninsula. It was called Magna Graecia, the Great Greece, in Latin for the southern peninsula was densely populated by Greeks. Consequently, Greeks influenced the culture of Italy greatly as its religious rites and the concept of independent polis was also brought along by the conquerors.
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Ancient greece
In the Greed tragedy Oedipus, written by Sophocles, the main protagonist King Oedipus is beset by a plagued Thebes, a condition which can
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Compare & Contrat (ancient) greece &rome
In fact these ancient civilizations have influenced not only the Europe, but the entire world as well. The contributions of these two civilizations are immense to the new generation as far as
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Urbanization
ization is defined as the migration of individuals from the rural areas to the urban or metropolitan regions hence making the population in the cities and towns to overwhelm. Etiologically, the word is derived from the Roman word ‘urbs’ which translates to a town or city. It
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
BMS forum discussion- reply/discuss my colleague's post (Elaine)
One of the factors involves lean basics. The operating system of the UES was maybe reluctant in eliminating waste, late in ordering the supplies for the company and being unable to reduce errors could lead to the increased
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Urbanization in ancient Greece for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us