We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Comparative LawHistory the medieval english coroner system - Essay Example

Comments (0)
Summary
The concept of the Coroner system is strictly a British tradition dating back as far as the 9th century. Not much is known about the function or duties of the corner during that era. It was not until the 12th century that the role of coroner was formalized in law during the reign of King Richard I…
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER
Comparative LawHistory the medieval english coroner system
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Comparative LawHistory the medieval english coroner system

Download file to see previous pages... The other purpose this move served was that it worked as a solution to the problem of the Sheriffs' control on the peasants, and this made it look like a reform-oriented action. The sheriff was the officer designated by the King to oversee law and order in every county. In his being the legal authority of a county, the office of the sheriff allowed him all the scope to manipulate law for his own benefit. The notoriety of the sheriffs for extortion and misappropriation of funds at the King's expense, as well as the scope of the abuse of power which their office permitted, is what Hubert was aware of, and that is what prompted him to set up a network of law officers that were under the supervision of neither the sheriff, nor the Justices of the Peace. Thus came to being the office of the coroner. The Article 20 of the "Articles of Eyre", from the Eyre of September held in the County of Kent in 1194, is the decree that formally established the Coroners. The article stated that: "In every county of the King's realm shall be elected three knights and one clerk, to keep the pleas of the Crown"
To each county, thus, were assigned three coroners and a clerk who carried the "Coroner's Rolls", although the clerk's office too was later to be replaced by another, a fourth coroner. The coroner's duties were not with a reward in terms of money: they were never paid for their services to the crown, and it was an offence for them to receive any rewards by virtue of their office. To keep them from indulging in embezzlement, to prevent which was why their office came to being, Walter decree that their appointment was dependent on a certain property level, and a least of an income twenty pounds a year.
The Medieval Coroner: Duties
The coroner's main duties were twin-pronged; he was the tax-collector as well as the person who would keep a criminal record of territories that came under the jurisdiction of the Royal Courts of Law. The general Eyre was the body that would go around the kingdom, primarily taking stock of the misbehaviours of the subjects. The subjects were required to keep a track of all the incidents that have occurred in this account and relate them with complete honesty to the coroner. The coroner would note these down, and hand them over to the General Eyre; the Justices in the Eyre would hand out fines and punishments. The coroner takes on the role of a tax-collector because the large fines, the amercements, were viewed more as a kind of tax than as a way of punishment by the people. As has previously been mentioned, this was also the primary manner in which large revenues were being collected for the Royal Treasury. The ability to extract these sums was largely dependent on the details provided by the coroner. This ensured his presence in all kinds of events where fines, sureties and taxes could be levied, and property and goods be forfeited. This role of the coroner has taken a backseat and his second main duty that of investigating unnatural and suspicious deaths makes the coroner's identity today; sudden deaths, accidental deaths, natural deaths, suicides, murder and manslaughter, all these came under the coroner's duties. Medieval England also saw the coroner in charge of associated crimes ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
English Legal System
Ltd “BINDING JUDICIAL PRECEDENT” English legal system has developed the judge-made law which is also known as stare decisis or the doctrine of binding precedent, which is one of the most basic and traditional features of the English legal system. As per the doctrine of judicial precedent, a verdict pronounced by a court in a case is obligating on the other inferior courts and also the same court which involves analogues legal issues.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
English comparative essay
Both depict women who have difficulty truly interacting with their communities. They are also both written in a similar tone, with an eye to detail and imagery. However, the two stories are quite different in the portrait they create of the main characters.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
English legal system
The problem in this question relates to the development of the English Legal System and what were the different sources and characteristics of the legal system. Furthermore, the external elements and influences also need to be taken into account when answering the question.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
English Legal System & Practice
They are laid down as follows: 1) An Act of Parliament must be construed as a whole, in order to avoid any possible inconsistencies. 2) Words and legal terms that possess one certain meaning must be accorded that meaning irrespective of the ensuing result (literal rule).
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Coroner system and medical system
The office at that time was run by the income of these coroners who could confiscate property in cases where they felt the death was unnatural. It was in 1194 that the coroner office was made permanent in the United Kingdom. In 1877 laws were established so that the coroners could investigate any death that they considered unnatural.
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
English Legal System
The people of United Kingdom are also protected through this agency. But that was lot of expensive and time consuming. The UK made historic event in the State by enacting the Human Rights Act, 1998 which came into existent from 02.10.2000. The new Act delineated the boundaries of the rights on the principle of democracy.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Comparative Legal System
English law is regarded as a common law rather than a civil law system (i.e. there has been no major codification of the law, and judicial precedents are binding as opposed to persuasive). Although devolution has accorded some degree of autonomy to Wales politically, it still doesn't have and sovereign powers of law-making, thus the legal system administered through criminal and both civil courts remains unified.
12 Pages(3000 words)Article
English Legal System, Coursework
When a case is decided by a judge then his decision and the basis of the case becomes a precedent which other courts follow while deciding a case which is similar in nature. The systems of rules of Common law is dependent more on judicial decisions and less on civil law systems which in turn is dependent mainly on written laws and statutes.
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
Comparative legal system
Secular laws on the other hand are made by the people in effect and regards to the changing world order, views and accepted ideologies. Religious laws define the faith of the people telling them what to believe as well as how to behave so that our actions do not violate the
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
The English Legal System
Formulation of law, and their interpretation and application is recognised to be challenging. It is because the laws enacted and enforced have strong affiliation with every
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Comparative LawHistory the medieval english coroner system for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us