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To some governments, democracy helps improve performance, allowing for the free exchange of commerce and greater transparency in the administrative processes. However, for others, there is a strong belief that other forms of government would be better options in securing improved performance. This paper shall now discuss the relationship between relationship and performance using concepts relating to economic performance, political stability, and other elements of governance. Body A realistic assessment of the workings of democracy indicates that the impact of civil liberties in a country is significant in relation to the performance of a government and its investment activities (Pritchett and Kaufmann, 1998). Such finding supports the idea that the extent to which citizen are able to express their opinions in the public sphere has a crucial impact on how accountability would apply in relation to government and its efficacy. To some analysts, there is no clear association between the elements of electoral governance or democracy and the performance of government activities (Isham, 1996)....
Indicators for success in projects include the economic rate of return which is based on the accomplishment of the project, and the rating on whether the project was able to fulfil its project goals. Data on success of bank-supported activities are considered determinants of borrower countries and their efficacy (Isham, 1996). This is because the projects supported by the World Bank are carried out by the borrowing country and its government which then implements the project. As such, there may sometimes be comparisons on ex post success in relation to how well governments undertake projects they opt for, rather than evaluating what projects they actually select. Data on bank-supported projects also provide a specific classification on project success based on comparative elements for different countries (Pritchett and Kaufmann, 1998). Most countries do not often assess their own projects, and most of them do not allow their own assessments to be evaluated based on the determinations made by other countries. Although there may be inaccuracy in terms of project evaluation, the evaluations gained are generally reliable elements in indicating success or failure. As the World Bank is a global institution with specific rules and consistent policies which all apply to borrowers, it is not likely for differences between countries in relation to Bank-supported activities to be primarily the result of inconsistent decisions from the WB (Pritchett and Kaufmann, 1998). The measures of democracy in this essay focused on different cross-national determinants. One of these determinants is based on rankings made by Freedom House where the firm ranks countries yearly using a checklist which includes the lack of media censorship, open discussions in public,
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In nursing, performance appraisal motivates nurses to provide high quality patient care. ‘The results of performance appraisal are often used for promotion, selection, and termination, and to improve performance’ (Roussel & Swansburg 2006, p.464). Performance appraisal forms a part of the science of behavioral technology.
The thought for an effective leadership for the administration of collective efforts of individuals for the progress and survival of societies evolved the principles of politics. While considering the importance of social harmony in the progressive life of human community, it is necessary to identify that the existence of a leadership that caters democratic values in the society.
In many ways, modern Democracy is the child of the enlightenment, a European movement whose start and end dates can be difficult to describe – sometime between the end of the Renaissance and the start of the modern period – where different values than had previously been important began to be important.
It has been characterized by huge economic advancement both currently and in the recent past, however, the country has for a long time lacked democracy, which has been proved to cause negative effects on China’s economic growth in the long run. China has focused less on democracy issues due to the reduced sense of urgency depicted by insignificant negative effects of lack of democracy on economic growth.
Though there is a considerable amount of predisposition in the society to declare that a happy worker is a good worker, this proposition lacks solid empirical evidence. In other words, the results of various studies in this direction lack unanimity to reach an indisputable conclusion.
The individual practices that constitute human resource management support one another in enhancing certain workforce characteristics, which create combined synergistic effects that are substantially great, compared to the individual practices (Sels, Winne, Delmotte, Maes, Faems and Forrier, 2006).
This means that democracy is not necessary for a country to be economically developed. But these studies have also found evidence of democracy having significant indirect effects on economic growth. Doucouliagos & Ulubasoglu
Democracy on the other hand is a system of government whereby people are the ultimate holders of power and they bestow it directly or indirectly to leaders through free elections. Even when people have different opinions regarding who to be given the power, democracy
is crucial and begins with recruiting and selecting the right employees then motivating them through rewards to achieve the desired organizational goals. Rewards are in form of wages, incentive programs, benefit programs and recognition (Hegar, 2012, p. 13). They may also be
Frymer’s theory explains why African Americans have trouble achieving their policy objectives. Paul Frymer challenges the American view on the relationship between democracy, political parties and race. Scholars argue that politicians respond to the needs of all voters because of their desire to win elections. Paul contradicts this view by expounding on the economic gap that politicians create among Americans based on racial and political affiliation.
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