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Revolutionary China- chinese history - Essay Example

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Name Tutor Course Date Introduction The changing dynamics between Taiwan and the Peoples Republic of China pose difficult competing challenges for the United States of America such as what foreign, social and economic policies should the United States adopt if Taiwan or Peoples Republic of Chine drift apart…
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Revolutionary China- chinese history
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Download file to see previous pages The situation in China changed dramatically after the civil war victory of Mao Tse-tung in 1949, which led to the fleeing of the government of Republic of China (ROC) led by Chiang Kaishek and the Kuomintang (KMT) to Taiwan. This led to the United States to continue its recognition of the ROC government based in Taiwan as both regimes that is the government in Taiwan and the Peoples Republic of China based in mainland fought for legitimacy. This paper seeks to discuss the implications of the recognition of the CCP government in PRC and the GMD in Taiwan in the period 1952 by the United States and whether there is need to change that position. China since 1921 and its Relations with Taiwan After the end of the Qing dynasty, China had undergone several periods of trials and tribulations which it wanted to overcome in the shortest time possible. In 1928, the Kuomintang (KMT), which had ruled China, got into constant conflict with the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) that made governance almost impossible. The Kuomintang was later defeated and retreated to Taiwan after it had made several political, economical and military missteps. As at the year 1934, Chiang Kai-shek, the Nationalist leader in collaboration with Song Meiling had called for China to carry out a “New Life Movement which aimed at the promotion of a regular life guided by four principles and virtues namely ritual or decorum, rightness or duty, integrity or honesty and the sense of shame”.1 These were aimed at promoting morality, dealing with people in their human affairs and whoever violated the rules would fail in the society and they were meant for the prosperity of the nation. According to 2 the new life movement was initiated after Generalissimo realized that military conquest of the community alone would not be enough to remedy the psychological damage that the communist rule had caused. “…communism crushed the spirit people in addition to robbing them or material things”. The rules were also meant to instill discipline and social order amongst the members of the society at any moment of the life of the citizens as contained in the “Essentials of the New Life Movement speech in 1934 by Chiang Kai-shek. The principles were frequently criticized owing to the fact that there was hardly any food, let alone patience for people to exercise them. However, in defense of the movement Meiling argues that “… if everyone from the highest official to the lowest wheel barrow man would conscientiously practice these principles in everyday life, there would be food for all”3 of the rules. Shih-wei, had argued along similar lines as he saw the communist movement as an embodiment of inequality where the ranking members in the “rankles” society got more food than they needed, but the lower cadres were given the basic minimum. Ironically, whenever they were asked if they had eaten “… Party members are expected to lead the rest in a chorus of ‘Yes, we’re full!’”.4 In addition, Chen Xuezhao became sympathetic to the Communist Party after her return to China and found china was faced with deepening national crisis “… Chen was formally accepted in the year 1945”.5 In her work “Wandering through the Liberated Zones”, Chen shows her allegiance to the CCP and was published on the eve of the Communist victory. Further, in her ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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