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The international monetary and finance structure - Essay Example

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Name: Course: Date: The International Monetary and Finance Structure: Connection between Chapter 7 and the Lecture Issues Commonly Featuring in both the Lectures And Chapter 7: The international monetary and finance structure affects both individual and the society through various ways…
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The international monetary and finance structure
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"The international monetary and finance structure"

This power of political influence emanates from the fact that the rules governing institutions emanates from both the state interactions and the conditions prevailing in the markets, thus making the political influence a substantial tool in determining how the rules regarding monetary exchanges are informed, even in countries outside the jurisdiction of the country with stronger currencies (IMFS 142). While taking care of the market conditions, the countries with stronger currencies, power and influence are therefore able to have their interests predominantly reflected within the international monetary and finance structure, explaining why the USA is a key player in the international financial markets. Thus, the power of cultural influence of the USA all over the world is not only a function of its being a superpower, but also the ability to be the major player in the international financial and monetary market structure (IMFS 132). Simply put therefore, it is through the international monetary and finance structure, that countries are able to meet their political, economic and social objectives, while international peace, prosperity and development is also determined by the same (IMFS 138). The international monetary and finance structure does not only influence how the financial markets and the economies of countries operate, but it has a powerful impact on the social and political dimensions of the countries. Therefore, it is through this structure that the concept of International Political Economy (IPE) stems, bringing about the increased interdependence, communication and interactions among countries, thus developing the need for globalization and integration of the markets between countries (IMFS 144). The International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank, popularly referred to as the Bretton Woods institutions, play a major role in facilitating an orderly international monetary and investment process. International trade, investment and access to credit are some of the major functions of the international monetary structure, which are then directly related to the political and social influence of countries, determined through the exchange rates of one country’s currency to the other (IMFS 127). Foreign exchange determines how much of a country’s currency can be bought using the other country’s currency, operating under speculation, to determine the values of hot money, which is the foreign securities and bonds moving in and out of a country very quickly, and are not regulated by the state. The value of any currency is determined by the market forces of demand and supply, but the role of the Central Bank and of the Governments of countries is to intervene in the foreign exchange market through monetary policies, to prevent either inflation or deflation within the country (IMFS 135). A high demand of a certain currency causes it to appreciate in value, while a low demand causes it to lose its value, thus high demand of a country’s currency indicates that its goods, services and assets are highly demanded by other counties and a low demand shows a less demand of the same, which affects the balance of trade, creating a disparity between the value of exports and value of imports (IMFS 139). Issues in Chapter 7 that are Missing from the Read More
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