We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Chinese History - Essay Example

Comments (0)
The centralized government created by the Han dynasty was because of a number of reforms that were carried out by the emperors. The development of institutions helped to create stability and order within the vast empire. …
Download full paper
Chinese History
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Chinese History

Download file to see previous pages... Moreover, there was a system of training administration officials which was an innovative approach towards ensuring that the affairs of the state could be managed in an efficient and effective manner. The establishment of a bureaucracy helped to ensure the administration process in an effectual manner (Ebrey, 67). Confucianism was adopted as the major system for running the affairs of the state. Confucian system advocated the belief that each individual must obey the family and have devotion towards the rulers. This helped to instill a sense of discipline among the officials. The top officials of the dynasty were living in the capital where they provided valuable counsel to the emperor. The lower officials would be responsible for maintaining roads and canals. They were also entrusted with the duty of maintaining the process of storing grain. The emperors introduced a system of meritocracy where officials were chosen by their competency and ability. A rigorous test was needed so that they could become officials of the state (Ebrey, 67). Civil servants were evaluated after three years for their performance. Therefore punishment and reward were used in combination with other measures to ensure that officials could perform their duties. The Han dynasty was created when Liu Bang won a civil conflict against Xiang Yu. His model of governance was based upon reducing taxes and creating a centralized state. The harsh punishments were reduced in order win the loyalty of the people. The centralized state was a unique innovation as compared with the nomadic lifestyle of Chinese in previous years. This is because of the fact that the provincial officials had to report to the central government. This made them accountable and transparent which led to sound outcomes (Ebrey, 67). A basic local government was formed in different counties which led to efficiency. Han Wu Ti was the greatest ruler of the Han dynasty. He presided over military expansion while enhancing Chinese colonies as well as increasing influence over Central Asia. The creation of the Silk Road helped to increase the trade and prosperity of the empire. The system of governance that was in place helped the empire to provide more freedom to the people. Social mobility and freedom helped prevent rebellions and insurrections against the government (Ebrey, 67). The Han dynasty led China into an unprecedented era of economic expansion, military achievements, scientific discoveries, and powerful stability. The dynasty was able to achieve this through the development of a powerful centralized state. It was able to focus on ruling the empire in a centralized manner so that it could prevent disorder and anarchy within the empire. This was a significant achievement for the empire. B1 A Confucian system focused on the notion of community rights where each individual would be able to contribute towards its progress. A number of advantages existed for this system such as the fact that an individual would contribute towards the development of society with an emphasis on duty and responsibility. Knowledge and spiritual growth would flourish in such a system while the emphasis would be on meritocracy so that an individual would gain social standing and status based upon their personal actions. Moreover, it encourages respect and kindness as a virtue that can create a humane society. The disadvantages of such a system are that it encouraged the development of a hierarchy which would lead to unfairness (Sinaiko, 91). Confucian system focused on family which had a negative aspect also such as the fact that it led to fights and conflicts in which the entire family was involved if a single member had been hurt or wronged. The system also encourages the subordination of females who must remain obedient to ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Politics Through Chinese History
Society in old China was divided into five classes. The highest class was composed of scholars, for whom the mandarins (government officials) were selected. Next arrived the farmers, the largest group; the artisans ranked third, and the merchants and traders constituted the fourth class. The soldiers occupied the lowest class.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Chinese History, Mao Zedong
One of the revolution process associated with Mao is the Cultural Revolution. The revolution was used by Mao to reaffirm his authority. This was based on the assertion that the crops of
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Introduction to modern Chinese History
The last century has seen china struggle of gaining its identity by redefining its cultural values in the modern world, this goal of restoring its glory that ever existed before the coming of the west has made its leaders too ambitious to attain power and wealth once
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Chinese History
This research paper examines different aspects in the history of China, such as: producing of the bronze objects, mostly the usage of the bronze ritual vessel that represented a social importance to the Chinese, Buddhism which arrived in China during the first century or even earlier and the Ming dynasty.
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Chinese history: restoration through reform
Reforms in the educational sector created by Qing dynasty included changing of traditional academies known as Shu-yuan into modern colleges. Qing dynasty leadership also turned other existing old
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Chinese history: cultural revolution
In addition, he was greatly worried of his inherent position and power within the party coupled with legacy concerns. Thirdly, Mao desired for policy reforms that would introduce revolution within health care, cultural systems, and educational sector.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Chinese History papers
that China is one of the countries in the contemporary world that can still boast of an ancient civilization and the greatest historical feat – the Great Wall. This paper is a descriptive essay highlighting the underlying purpose for the construction of the Great Wall of
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Chinese History
These imperialist powers were the United States, the United Kingdom, and Japan. The three nations fought amongst themselves and against other capitalist nations for the “right” to exclusively exploit both natural and human
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Chinese history paper
In addition, during the period before the revolution, there was the exploitation of the peasants by landlords and the women were oppressed as men were the dominant sex. In this regard, the revolution
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Chinese history
Mao Zedong put in place structures and regulation that ensured that the art and literature of China served the people, and not the other way around. The art and literature of China also borrowed from Russian realist styles, which were more in tune
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Chinese History for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us