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Immigration and the challenges associated with socio-political integration in the European Union - Essay Example

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Summary
Large-scale immigration post WWII has influenced modern Europe in many ways. Owing to immigration, current observations have revealed significant variations in the lives of people living in the Europe, and based on these differences there have emerged various challenges within socio-political integration in the EU (Saggar, Somerville, Ford and Sobolewska, 2012)…
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Immigration and the challenges associated with socio-political integration in the European Union
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Immigration and the challenges associated with socio-political integration in the European Union

Download file to see previous pages... While the government has framed policies aimed at diluting specific differences that hamper active social participation and economic inclusion, differences associated with cultural identities have been fashioned into new processes of delineating and being a ‘true’ European. The governmental policies that aim at resolving differences between the native population and immigrants face major challenges owing to the large number of immigrants entering the EU from various developing nations. There are growing concerns about the immigration policies in both receiver and sending countries, wherein there are speculations about a large-scale increase in migration flows in the near future. According to various reviews, calculations on future flow of immigration from developing nations to the EU show that there may be 13.5 million immigrants within the EU, from the year 2000 until 2050 (Mansoor and Quillin, 2007). The calculations that give an average estimate are based on various economic and demographic factors significant in determining immigration flows. Along with these numbers, one must also take into consideration political, social and cultural aspects of the immigrants, owing to the intricate nature of the issue, closely related to human trafficking, irregular migration, and shifting borders. The demographic framework of a nation is greatly affected by migratory movements, and owing to the inherent differences  in socioeconomic and  demographic  structure  of the immigrant  populations  in regard to  the  host  population,  migration  flows  significantly influence public expenditure, income distribution, demographic evolution,  social stratification along with economic development (Amin, 1995).  With rising economic challenges emerging from a steady increase in elderly the population within European societies, the European Commission regards the entry and integration of immigrants within the EU an added demographic challenge that involves providing better living and working conditions, employment, and education for the immigrants and working out a long-term, sustainable budgetary plan (Linz and Stula, 2010). Immigration may be triggered due to various reasons that may vary from political, economic, or personal reasons, while migration may also be voluntary or even forced, and the later often involves human trafficking (Kraler, Kofman, Kohli and Schmoll, 2011). From a historical perspective, Europe has always faced migration from different parts of the world. Prior to WWI, during the era of industrialisation, there were large-scale transatlantic labour migrations. Post WWII, during the period of severe economic crises and reconstruction, Europe became an important destination for many immigrants. This was mainly due to large numbers of labourers migrating to the European continent from various parts of the world due to work shortage in their own countries (Castles and Miller, 2010). At this time, there were also intra-European migrations, where labourers from south Europe moved to various west European nations.  Subsequently there were settlements established, and families brought over for reunification. Besides labour migration, there were war refugees and natural disaster refugees that came to Europe from the former USSR, Africa and the Balkans, thus further adding to the social and cultural diversities within the EU population. In this context, the essay will review various research papers and analyse the different challenges associated with ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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