History of China - Essay Example

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History of China Question 1 Charismatic Mao Zedong led the communist party of China from 1931 to 1976. Mao Zedong led the Chinese Communist Army in the year 1934 during the war with Nationalist Kuomintang Forces of China. During the Long March, Communist Army of China retreated across China by covering thousands of miles…
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History of China Question Charismatic Mao Zedong led the communist party of China from 1931 to 1976. Mao Zedong led the Chinese Communist Army inthe year 1934 during the war with Nationalist Kuomintang Forces of China. During the Long March, Communist Army of China retreated across China by covering thousands of miles. The Chinese Communist Army defeated Japanese Forces during the Second World War. At that point of time, the communists turned on Kuomintang. In the year 1949, they established People’s Republic of China. Mao Zedong followed communism throughout his life. Moreover, he motivated several communists to follow his ideal and pathway. The leader tried to develop communist country and wipe out the concept of capitalism from China. Throughout his life, the leader tried to fight for labor and individual rights of people. Several approaches and actions failed after 1949. For example, Great Leap Forward and Cultural Revolution in the year 1966 failed due to reform the social and economic structure of country. However, these revolutions and actions did not last for long. At that point of time, the Chinese economy stagnated. Moreover, several Chinese citizens lived in the invariable fear of arrest. On the other hand, Deng Xiaoping was the veteran of the Long March. He was a close advisor to Mao Zedong. After the death of Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping was politically recuperated. After death of his leader, Deng Xiaoping was the only living original Mao supporter. Deng boarded on four economic pillars, such as industry, agriculture, defense and technology. The economy of China reformed under the leadership of Deng Xiaoping. The National People’s Congress included the term Socialist Market Economy in China’s constitutions in the year 1993. Question 2 China is one of the leading developing countries. Significant natural resources and skilled manpower are the major growth drivers of Chinese economy. The level of pollution and greenhouse gas emission is increasing dramatically due to rapid industrialization. Now-a-days, China is allowing several foreign MNCs to operate their business practices in Chinese market. However, demand of people is increasing on continuous basis due to technology revolution. High oil and gas consumption increase in number of vehicles and burning of fossil fuel is increasing the level of carbon emission. According to a survey conducted by the Chinese Ministry of Health, pollution is the major reason behind several critical human diseases. Cancer, Respiratory problem are the major consequences of pollution. Moreover, lack of safe drinking water is causing diseases like cholera and diarrhea. Government of China is trying to develop environmental policies in order to reduce the social and environmental threats. They are trying to motivate industries and organizations to conduct sustainable business practices. Government of China set up water storage and recycling center in Beijing to provide pure and safe drinking water for the Chinese people (Wu, 2012). Moreover, they are planning to develop several projects that can help the mankind in near future. China is practically choking on its great economic run and significant economic success. Government needs to take sustainable initiatives and implement green strategy to reduce the threat of environmental disorder. Question 3 Traditionally religion has an important role within the Chinese society and community since the establishment of Chinese communist party. After the republication period, the government of China started to rethink about the religion stance. China is known as one of the economically developing countries in the world. Several industries are playing important role in the economic growth of China. Domestic and international tourist industry, fashion industry and food and beverage industry is contributing significantly into the Chinese economy. Several foreign private players are trying to enter in Chinese potential business market to secure a potential customer base. Therefore, Chinese government is trying to provide respect to the people of all religions. On the other hand, government of China is promoting their unique religion and culture in global market place to drive their tourism industry successfully. In this modern era of globalization and advanced technology, several countries are focusing on their service industry as the service industry is considered as the major economic growth driver. The Chinese people are trying to come out from the preserved and traditional religion concept to ensure effective individual and professional exposure (Tong, 2012). However, government of China is doing right thing to blend the Chinese traditional religious views with the modern era in order to achieve and secure effective economic run and economic sustainability. Effective integration will help the country to develop their social and economic structure in near future. References Ostendorf, J. (2011). Continuties between Mao Zedong’s China and Deng Xiaoping’s China. Berlin: GRIN Verlag. Tong, J. (2012). Overseas Chinese Christian Entrepreneurs in Modern China. New York: Anthem Press. Wu, Y. (2012). Understanding Economic Growth in China and India. New York: World Scientific. Read More
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