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Alexander the Great: Conquest of Persia - Research Paper Example

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 This paper looks to analyze the conquest of Alexander the Great for the Persian Empire. The study looks to understand how successful Alexander the Great was in the conquest, as well as how successfully Alexander-The Great was able to develop the unique monarchy that he always dreamt of…
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Alexander the Great: Conquest of Persia
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"Alexander the Great: Conquest of Persia"

Download file to see previous pages As almost all the states focused on their own interests, frequent disputes and temporary alliances were quite common. After the death of Philip II of Macedonia, the reign of Alexander-The Great began which changed the political landscape of Europe and Asia forever1. Alexander-The Great conquered the Persian Empire and was keen to develop a unique kingdom where all the people in the kingdom, including both Greek and Non-Greek, would be able to live in the relative state of autonomy under the monarch. Various scholars have actually debated the intent of Alexander. As a matter of fact, some have still failed the consensus concerning Alexander. Alexander was born in 356 BC at Pella which was the capital of Macedon. Under his father, Philip II, Macedon became stronger and most importantly, the first-ever united nation in the whole of Europe. Greece was still in the middle of a golden age as art, philosophy, and literature were flourishing. But the relatively smaller states and cities were not inclined to be united. Although Philip II admired the Greek culture, some of the Greeks, on the other hand, actually loathed the Macedonians as barbarians. Alexander was quite handsome and had an athletic physique. At a young age, Alexander excelled in hunting and horse riding. At a tender age of thirteen, the leading Greek philosopher, Aristotle, came to Macedon as the tutor. He taught Alexander about his favorite Homer’s ‘Iliad’. Alexander also learned about ethics, politics and different fields of sciences like geography, botany, zoology, etc. However, the prime interest continued to be the military strategy. This is something Alexander learned from his father who was instrumental in reforming the Greek phalanx into a united fighting machine3. Alexander’s father, Philip, was determined to conquer Persia. But even before starting the conquest, he knew that he had to solve the internal problems of Greece first. This was achieved successfully, through the battle of Chaeronea in 338 BC. This brought all the states and cities of Greece together, except Sparta. Under the leadership of Philip, young Alexander commanded the Macedonian in the battle of Chaeronea and destroyed the famous sacred band of Thebans. But two years later, in 336 BC, Philip was killed by a young noble belonging to the personal bodyguard of Philip who pulled a short knife and stabbed Philip through the heart killing him instantly. Many believed that Alexander’s mother actually planned the murder4. However, this was never actually proved. Alexander became the king. Alexander was already very popular with the army and, hence, the army as expected accepted him as the king without any hesitation. In the same year, Alexander moved towards the south and reached Corinth. Alexander received congratulations of various people living in the city of Corinth which also included the Diogenes the Cynic, a great philosopher. However, later that year, Thebes again revolted and Alexander destroyed the city. Alexander, however, allowed the other cities to keep up the democratic governments.   ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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