We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Hobbes - Essay Example

Comments (0)
Summary
Morgan: Putting Moral and Philosophical into a Scientific Basis and Contribution towards Establishment of Civic Peace and Motivating Mankind in Fulfilling their Civic Duties. Philosophy and science are generally regarded as two subjects entirely different from each…
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER
Hobbes
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Hobbes

Download file to see previous pages... Thus, in his book, Morgan had tried to trace moral and political philosophy within realm of science and its numerous branches. He had also tried to establish civic peace as a way to direct mankind to fulfill their individual civic duties. To delineate these, Morgan has illustrated lifestyles and works of some of the greatest philosophers, sociologists, mathematics and scientists like- Plato, Aristotle, Socrates, etc. Through some selective excerpts of their works, Morgan has tried to establish his goal. Moreover, he has also attempted to motivate citizens in performing their civic duties by analyzing the aspects which makes thought and action of one individual different from another. Once goodness of soul is achieved, citizens will be able to establish civic peace in their societies (Matthews,. 4-27). History Philosophy and science were interrelated from the very beginning, so much so that philosophical ideas developed during seventeenth century has played a huge role in development of science and technology of modern times (Matthews,.1). It was during the beginning of seventeenth century that contradictory views of Plato and Aristotle were noticed by the modern world. At that time, philosophies theories and ideas were re-modeled due to two important contemporary movements- the European Renaissance and Scientific Revolution, with the latter supporting medieval thinking patterns of Plato. However, aspects of Aristotle’s views had more to offer regarding “empiricism, essentialism, naturalism and teleology” (Matthews, 5). Added to these, Aristotle’s thinking had directly influenced thinking of some of the greatest geniuses like Galileo, Newton, etc. who in turn contributed a lot to modern philosophy. The fact that science and philosophy are interrelated is proved again and again. For instance, the proposition that the stars do not twinkle because they are near or because the stars are so near that they do not twinkle. When there is no conversion of the middle term with more relative non- explanatory term, or at times when the middle term is present outside, the proposition is proved by logic but the reason remains unexplained (Matthews, 31-32). Solution to this unexplained reason can be traced with help of different branches of science, like- optics can be related to geometry, mechanics to solid geometry, harmonics can be related to arithmetic and watching stars and comets could be linked to astronomy. This is what Morgan had tried to establish in his book. Putting moral and political philosophy on a scientific basis Appropriate upbringing is required for making good citizens. For this reason, people must learn to abstain from pleasure and pain generated by every single action. The same hypothesis is supported by medical treatments- the corrective treatments to be more precise. Thus, science has its own remedies for pleasures and pains as consequence of any action generated by excess of virtues. Virtue is a part of moral philosophy which pursues people to avoid anything that is wrong. The difficulty to fight pleasure makes both craft and virtue more challenging. This theory holds true for political science also (Morgan, 267). ‘Knowledge’ exists in two forms, namely of “fact” and of “consequence of one affirmation to another”. While the former one relies on individual’s sense and memory, the latter strictly relies on science. Philosophy and logic differs from science in the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Thomas Hobbes
Ironically, the search of equality and having been able to attain it is initially the reason why war occurs. Hobbes noted that “if any two men desire the same thing which nevertheless they cannot both enjoy, they become enemies”.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Hobbes
Fobbes is best known for his work in political philosophy and in the social sciences although he contributed to a diverse range of academic disciplines including physics of gases, geometry, history, ethics, general philosophy, theology and political science (Bunce & Meadowcroft 21).
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Hobbes and Internationalism
Hobbes and Internationalism. This paper will explore Hobbes’ theory of the state of nature and assess whether it is applicable to nationalism and demonstrable in international relations. It will be argued that, although his initial concept of man in the state of nature corresponds with internationalism, that a more detailed application of his theory is difficult to reconcile with realistic principles.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes
The state of nature is useful in understanding the behavior and mutual disposition of the states at the international level. Thomas Hobbes categorically asserts that the state of nature as a state of war. He emphasizes about a state of anarchy and makes the case for a strong central authority to control disorder and to secure peace.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Hobbes & Unlimited Government
More so, Hobbes belief that neither limited government nor divided authority is a practical possibility arguing that there must be a supreme sovereign power in the society. Hobbes claims that any form of ordered government is preferable to civil war, therefore, he suggests that all societal members to submit to a single absolute, central authority in order to maintain peace and stability.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Thomas Hobbes
Interestingly, Hobbes describes that from the equality rise all the feelings of diffidence, anticipation and the will to a common power, which in used in "acts of conquest", which man always "pursue farther" than what is generally required. The concept of "common power" is a very interesting point, where Hobbes describes this as the main pursuit of man, who is always at grief because man seeks to hold others in awe.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Hobbes and Morality
Man was in a perpetual state of war with his fellow man, where all had a right to self-preservation by any means necessary. The Hobbesian natural state was the "time men live without a common power to keep them in awe, they are in a condition which is called war, and such a war, as is of every man against every man," (Leviathan, ch.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Hobbes' Leviathan
Hobbes depicts 'natural' man as a creature fundamentally opposed to civil society. It is a picture of humanity lacking basic ties even of family and friendship, and primarily concerned with self-interest. As Hobbes also depicts 'men' in this situation as roughly equal, in terms of physical strength and mental faculties, he cannot see clear winners and losers in this state, or the emergence of a more fixed, systemic hierarchy.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Thomas Hobbes
Men desire the same things, but often not all people can have everything they want. They therefore envy each other and fight between each other and this is what causes war. This is
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Hobbes
illumining picture of human beings in the first four chapters of the opening part of the book and the author deals with the various aspects of man which contribute to the diversity of his appearance. Thus, the first chapter, “Of Sense”, gives an account of the idea of sense
1 Pages(250 words)Book Report/Review
Let us find you another Essay on topic Hobbes for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us