Nobody downloaded yet

European History between 1920 - 1946, Hitler's influence, Italian or Russian fasism/totaliatarianism - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Name Class Date Fascism: Mussolini and a Defiance of Democracy Most political systems have definitions, but are generally still vague as they are interpreted by various people involved in political discussions. Classism is often one of the cornerstones to defining political systems as the elite work towards oppressing the lower classes to increase their wealth…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.2% of users find it useful
European History between 1920 - 1946, Hitlers influence, Italian or Russian fasism/totaliatarianism
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"European History between 1920 - 1946, Hitler's influence, Italian or Russian fasism/totaliatarianism"

Download file to see previous pages Fascism asserts that the state is the most important factor in government and that devotion to a strong leader, an ethnocentric outlook, and support of the nation above all other considerations is the primary ideology that should be followed. The term ultra-nationalism is often associated with Fascism (Payne 5). Mann writes that “Ideological power derives from the human need to find ultimate meaning, to share norms, values, and rituals that seem to make sense of the world and that reinforce social cooperation” (78). In the aftermath of World War I stabilizing the economy and the lives of the people in Europe became difficult and the people in the various nations were seeking strong leaders. Borejsza, Ziemer, and Hulas discuss Italian Fascism as a form of National Socialism. When in 1870 the Italian unification took place, a statesman of the time said “We have made Italy, now we must make Italians” solidifying the need to create a national identity (22). The new regime was a constitutional monarchy under King Victor Emmanuelle II and this lasted through his descendents until Benito Mussolini conducted the March on Rome in 1922 where he seized power. The rise of Fascism in Italy was defined by its radical nationalism as it fell under Mussolini. Fascism was a phenomenon that rose after WWI and when Mussolini took power by forcing the King Emmanuelle III to resign his Fascist Party had already taken control in the government (Knight 28). Knight writes that “Where liberalism believed in the rights of the individual and the power of reason and science to bring about progress, the new thinkers emphasized emotion, instinct, and the primacy of the race or nation” (9). The new regime was defined by the belief that faith in an external force, such as the dictator, could cure the ills of social systems. Mussolini admitted that it was through his will that Fascism was born. As a dictator, his will was the driving force behind the turn in the political tide in Italy in the beginning of the 20th century. Mussolini said “All force is subordination…Remember that in this subordination of all to the will of the leader…Fascism has found its strength yesterday and will find its strength and glory tomorrow” (61). In 1926 Mussolini’s absolute power and his ability to act independent of the other governing bodies was ratified through Law Number100 (Falesca-Zamponi 62). Under Mussolini’s control, he was not only independent of other governing parties, but was also becoming independent from the Fascist Party. Through the marginalization of the Party, they were reduced to daily administration of government which meant Mussolini’s will, but with no power. Fascist culture was never fully developed, meaning that rather than a Fascist based nation Mussolini had ultimate power that could bend to his whims rather than be constructed under a formal system. Through the dictatorship of Mussolini, Fascism was a shadow, but never fully formed. Works Cited Borejsza, Jerzy W, Klaus Ziemer, and Magdalena Hulas. Totalitarian and Authoritarian Regimes in Europe: Legacies and Lessons from the Twentieth Century. New York: Berghahn Books, 2006. Print. Falasca-Zamponi, Simonetta. Fascist Spectacle: The Aesthetics of Power in Mussolini's Italy. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997. Print. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“European History between 1920 - 1946, Hitler's influence, Italian or Essay”, n.d.)
European History between 1920 - 1946, Hitler's influence, Italian or Essay. Retrieved from
(European History Between 1920 - 1946, Hitler'S Influence, Italian or Essay)
European History Between 1920 - 1946, Hitler'S Influence, Italian or Essay.
“European History Between 1920 - 1946, Hitler'S Influence, Italian or Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
Jazz and the influence it had on the 1920's
...? Jazz and its influence it had on the 1920s JAZZ AND ITS INFLUENCE IT HAD ON THE 1920S Jazz is over hundred years old. The actual circumstances of the birth of this music are rarely known because the recordings of the first jazz band were lost and therefore it is difficult to assume as to how it sounded, but it is possible to create an account of its emergence by gathering scraps of tit bits and information pieces. Jazz originated in the 20th century in the communities of the African American in the South America. It is an amalgamation of African and European music (Kirchner, Bill 2005). Jazz is a piece of music which...
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper
American History Inmigration between 1880 and 1920
...American History Immigration between 1880 and 1920 Discuss the backgrounds of most of the immigrants who came to America between 1880 and 1920. Why did they come to the U. S? What were some of the difficulties they faced in America? The United States of America was considered to be a country of hope, freedom and opportunity for the people across the globe. The economic growth of the country accompanied by the prospects of success made many people leave their homelands and migrate to the country between the period of 1880 and 1920. Political instability and the spread of diseases in the homelands of the...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Russian History
...? Russian History: "Gorbachev intended perestroika as a set of policies to remedy serious deficiencies in the Soviet System. In one of history's greatest paradoxes, however, it was the remedies themselves which proved fatal, resulting in the system collapse" Discuss and evaluate this comment. Be sure to include in your answer some discussion of (1) Gorbachev's analysis of the problems confronting the USSR; (2) the remedies he proposed; and (3) their consequences. "Perestroika is a pressing necessity that has arisen out of the profound processes taking place in the course of the development of our socialist society. That society is ripe for change-one might say it has suffered enough. Any...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
American History between 1820-1920
...? American History, 1820-1920: Introduction: Life was normal back in the early nineteenth century. By ‘normal’ we mean that life had not altered muchbetween the years 1000 AD and 1800AD. The streets were calm, industries and motors were rather rare and agriculture was the prime source of sustenance. The ubiquitous presence of brands and multinationals was unimaginable and America was still discovering itself as a country. The United States was new and working towards making itself a global powerhouse. In this paper we travel through each decade starting from 1820 to 1920. The paper shall analyze aspects related to art and culture, business and economy, books and literature and immigration...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
History of Italian Painting
...History of Italian Painting The early impressionists of France including Edouard Manet may have been considerably condemned by the then French art critics. For instance, Manet always made use of sharper brushstrokes in order to make the painting to have more light than normal. He also made use of the human body within his paintings’ subject matter; hence he may be said to have turned into what appears to be statue like and staged rendition (Frank 446). In view of this, I opted to make use of his painting, Luncheon on the Grass and make a comparison with Titian’s Pastoral Symphony so as bring out the mentioned element. “The style of the painting breaks with the academic traditions of the time. He did not...
7 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Politics 1920's
...The advancement and development of government operations during the WW1 reversed in 1920 political era.The attempts of the government to end trusts and control business operations resulted to a new focus on unity between business and government. During this period, Harry Daugherty speculated about the Republican presidential convention of appointment of the year. He predicted that the convention will be impasse and after some other candidates have reached their peak, a certain group of 12-15 men tired and exhausted, will take over and carry out the nomination. Harding rose to power during this era. The prediction was right; this is because, in the 1920, the fragmented Republican...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
American History 1946-2012
...A Critical Analysis of the United s’ Role during the Cold War: How the Cold Affected the US Foreign Policy and Culture The most important event which determined the Americans’ fate in the 20th century is the Cold War. If the Americans had failed to tackle the situation, they might not have been in the position which they occupy. Indeed, the United States has been able to occupy the present spectacular leading position in modern unilateral world, because of the farsightedness of their leaders. All the US presidents, from Harry S. Truman to George W. Bush, who attended the Oval Office during the Cold War, played their parts their parts more or less wisely to contain the communist expansionism. Primarily...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Russian history, Dr. Zhivago
...Doctor Zhivago is an epic, a romance, and a history. It tells the story of Russian people forced to live through the many tragedies of the first halfof the twentieth century, and it tells of the emotional trials of love in its most complicated forms. It tells the story of a man torn between two women, set primarily against the backdrop of the Russian Revolution of 1917. More deeply, the novel discusses the plight of a man as his life is slowly destroyed by the violence of the revolution. The novel begins in 1901, sixteen years before the Russian Revolution. In the Czar ruled Russia of those days, land ownership was an important issue for intellectuals such as Kolya, who is also a former member of the Russian Orthodox Church... , shown when...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay
Russian Revolution and Europe in 1920-1930's
...Russian Revolution and Europe in 1920-1930's The Russian Revolution in 1917 was a modern phenomenon which brought many changes in the society as well as in the politics in Russia as well as in the world. This revolution was caused due to the social and political reasons in the Russia against the Tsarist autocracy. The main cause was the change in thinking of the people. Thus uprising took place and the new government was formed under the Bolshevik party. This showed that the idea of changing the society in the people's mind for their rights. This leaded to the foundation of the new ...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
1920's Prohibition
...1920s Prohibition ‘1920s Prohibition’, also referred to as The Noble Experiment, is a period in American history, when the sale, manufacturing as well as transportation of alcohol were totally banned all over the country. With the ratification of the Eighteenth Amendment in 1919 and the passing of the “Volstead Act” in 1920, the period starting from 1920 till 1933 was commonly referred to as Prohibition or Prohibition period. Although, Prohibition was actualized with ‘noble’ intentions, it does not pan out the way as expected. That is, it was implemented to remove many social ills of the society and thereby put the human resources for...
5 Pages(1250 words)Term Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic European History between 1920 - 1946, Hitler's influence, Italian or Russian fasism/totaliatarianism for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us