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Battle of the Alamo : 1836 - Research Paper Example

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Professor and Number Date Battle of the Alamo 1836 BRIEF OVERVIEW The battle of the Alamo in 1836 is a part of the American history and so is the famous statement, “Remember the Alamo!” Three people of Western American history are famous for being part of this battle: David Crockett, a Tennessee Congressman, James Bowie, an adventurer and entrepreneur for whom the Bowie knife was named, and Mexico’s president at that time, Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna who led the Centralist army…
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Battle of the Alamo : 1836
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Download file to see previous pages The battle of the Alamo has been the subject of many books and movies, but to really understand the battle fully, it is important to also review the Texas Revolution as well. THE TEXAS REVOLUTION Texas, before it became an American state, was part of the Mexican territories and in the 1820’s, more Americans began moving into the area to take advantage of the cheap pricing on lands in that region. Stephen Austin had received a huge land grant which he inherited from his father who had received it from Spanish authorities. He built the first colony on his land and brought in 2,000 Southern farmers by 1824, interested in the cotton farming industry. By 1830, there were over 20,000 white settlers and 1,000 slaves working the cotton fields and it was at this point, with only 5,000 Mexicans living in that region, that the Mexican government began to get nervous about the rapid influx of white settlers (Tindall and Shi 337-338). By 1830, there were over 30,000 settlers and the Mexican army was moved to the border to stop settlers from crossing into the area. However, this did little to stop the influx of new people and when the Americans decided to organize conventions in 1832 and 1833 to get more representation in working with the Mexican government. A Constitution for approval was proposed to Congress. Santa Anna, who was now in power as a dictator, dissolved the national congress and federal system in 1834, and brought his army to overrun the settlers. The settlers rose up, determined to fight for independence instead of being run off of their lands. Up to this point, the settlers had not want a war with the Mexicans but with Santa Anna on the war path, the settlers chose to declare independence (Tindall and Shi 338). Clashes between the Mexican army and settlers had already occurred before this point in October of 1835, but the first battle in the Texas revolution was at Gonzales and the last one occurred at San Jacinto on April 21, 1836 (Hardin). BATTLE AT THE ALAMO In March of 1836, Santa Anna attacked a garrison at San Antonio, which was the Alamo mission fort. There were 188 Texans and American volunteers in the fort, including Crockett, Bowie and Travis, the garrison commander. Crockett was known for his feisty behavior and statements and for being an accurate shot with his rifle, ‘Old Betsy’ (Tindall and Shi 338). One of his most memorable statements was the following: “Pierce the heart of the enemy as you would a feller that spit in your face, knocked down your wife, burnt up your houses, and called your dog a skunk! Cram his pesky carcass full of thunder and lightning like a stuffed sassidge … and bite his nose off in the bargain” (Tindall and Shi 339). When Santa Anna demanded that the Alamo garrison surrender, he received a defiant cannon shot back in response, beginning the 12-day assault by the Mexican army which was 4,000 strong. During one of the lulls in fighting, Commander Travis informed his men that it was a hopeless cause and that they would most likely die because no help had come from other regions, despite repeated requests for help. He drew a line in the sand and his words were: “Those prepared to give their lives in freedom’ ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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