Compare between the three models of international human rights (statist, cosmopolitan, and internationalist) based on the strengths and weaknesses of each model. Name; University: Introduction Human rights are part and parcel of politics today. There models of human rights that are used internationally…
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The major issues that these theories seek to address include civil wars, conflict prevention as well as resolution. Humanitarian interventions which have not been fully explored as far as human rights models are concerned .However; it is an area that greatly provides strong themes as far as human rights models are concerned. Statism is one of the models that are very important as far as human rights are concerned in the international regime. Under this model, it is the responsility of the nation to ensure that human rights are adhered to. This model is similar to that of internationalist and cosmopolitanism2. They both hold to the treaties of universal declaration of human rights universalism. The treaty states that all nations should ensure that the needs of their citizens are met. This model has one weakness; it is the state that takes precedence before any human right can be recognized. Never the less, statism is seen as the most appropriate as far as issues regarding politics are concerned.Statism has also resulted into stronger states harassing weaker ones.Therefore,as much as statist is an international regime that looks at the rights of citizens, internationalism and cosmopolitanism looks at the welfare of citizens of a nation with more than statism Statism is very conservative. As a result, it leads to impassivity in debates regarding humanitarian interventions. ...
The only challenge is that it does not fully support interventions as is seen in cosmopolitanism and internationalism. Internationalism model on the other hand corresponds to international theory. Internationalism and statist acknowledge that states are central as well as sovereign. Internationalism further focuses on how relations between states are regulated by international communal practices.3 This aspect is not well manifested in statism.Statists are greatly oppose states that that encourage good relations between member states. As a result, they don’t have feeling for war victims or nations that have witnessed serious crimes against humanity. According to internationalists, if the recipient state authorizes an intervention, they highly encourage it.Statism on the other hand does not fully welcome interventions .However, both statism and internationalism were used during the First World War and are still applicable today. In exceptional cases, statism allows interventions especially a government collapses. All the three models of human rights face major challenges. For example, they have to be approved by a national government of any country before they can be applied to any nation.Thus; the main priority in both cases is the rights the states have as far as any law is concerned4. Thereafter, the issues of human rights as far as international laws are concerned then follow later. This comparable conclusions means that there is no major difference in relation to some issues of international contexts. Cosmopolitanism is also a human right model that issued worldwide. Under this model, the international system looks keenly to the factors that affect individual members
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Accordingly, the same court had earlier awarded 2,000 Euros in compensation to Nadia Eweida, a British Airways attendant who was banned from wearing a cross at work. The court ruled that the employers were justified given their obligations to prevent discrimination against the consumers (Taylor 2).
This section seeks to show what exactly are these human rights, establish why and how they entered into the international political process since WWII, highlight any changes that might have occurred in the character of international relations as well as ascertain the actor that is best suited to pursue international human rights while analyzing the strengths and weaknesses of each actor.
Regardless of the claim that human rights are ratified around the globe and are considered to be universally applicable, the discrimination towards women purely on the basis of gender remains a disturbing issue for the world today. The conventions to provide these rights to women can be categorized into three broad categories (Mohanrsca, 2010): The protective conventions- these were the earliest most tools formed which aimed at the provision of protection to women pertaining to working conditions, such as restrictions against night shifts at work, mining employments, and specific sorts of labor work in plantation.
The concepts and ideas of human rights have evolved over times. However, according to Donnelly, even with many deliberations on the rights to be accorded by different governments, most of these rights and freedoms have received a great deal from the backing of the international community, which has led to development and enactment of international human rights laws (108).
The author states that in the light of the recent developments, it was established that there needed to be strong regulations and major policy changes when it came to dealing with human rights. One thing that was very evident to the period before and during the world war is that human rights were not put into considerations.
Relatively, the establishment and development of universal human rights standards in international human rights instruments over the past 50 years have heightened awareness around the world about issues concerning human rights. The fact that our rights are enshrined in numerous instruments, many of which are legally binding, is testament to the weight with which they are accorded and the high esteem in which they are held by the international community.
The basis of human rights rests on equal dignity and rights given to all members of the human family and paves the way to peace and justice among the humankind. The implementation of human rights as an international good is in
As nations become interconnected, multinational corporations create avenues for interactions with foreign nations bringing the lure of foreign investment and capital. However, critics often associate TNC’s ventures to third world countries as agents of disaster. The process
amed on myriad of things, from gross financial mismanagement by Wall Street co-operations, short term planning, greed, overspending by the average consumers and even the war in Iraq (UN, 2009)1.
The underlying factor remains that there was a weak link somewhere and that the big
According to the research findings it can therefore be said that though international human rights law contains many rights for the benefit of mankind but it also has its share of weaknesses and fails to be considered a foolproof law which could be exercised for the optimum benefit of the mankind without any difficulties.
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