This paper will discuss the rise of the European state and types of the modern state by analyzing the study titled "Introduction to Politics". Furthermore, the paper looks at the components that make strong, weak and democratic states…
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According to Garner, Ferdinand and Lawson (2009), strong democracies have full fledged institutions that function to dispense the will of the people, effectively. Normally, strong democracies do not only boast of institutions that are fully functioning, but also institutions that discharge the will of the masses. These institutions may include public, nongovernmental and even private institutions, albeit emphasis is placed on public institutions. For this cause, institutions that make up the judiciary, the legislature and the executive are highly considered if they meet the threshold or not. For instance, an event that clearly epitomizes the democratic nature of strong judicial and legislative institutions in the US. Herein, although these institutions effectively and consistently discharge their duties as outlined in the US Constitutions, yet they did not arrogate themselves the authority to make marriage amendments without the involvement of the US citizens. Resultantly, to decide the fate of homosexual marriages in North Carolina, North Carolinians were extended the ultimate decision through voting, on May 8th, 2012. Thus, one can see that the strength of democratic institutions is not only hinged upon consistent and effective discharging of mandate, but also upon proximity of such initiatives to the will of the public. The will of the public is important herein since the legitimacy of these institutions and the government’s authority emanates from their closeness to public will. ...
Mostly, this weakness emanates from the absence of checks and balance and separation of powers. This absence denudates the effectiveness of these institutions by breeding external interference. In most cases, it is the head of the executive who does the interference. In weak states, important institutions such as electoral commissions and courts of law are unable to operate with autonomy, leading to spates of post-election violence and acts akin to crimes against humanity. Again, these states may be weak enough to be infiltrated by sectarian interests, instead of serving the interests of the majority or the people (Rotberg, 2003). States in the International Community That May Be Considered Just Too Weak To Continue Demanding Recognition One of the countries that aptly fit the class of weak states is Somalia. The weakness of Somalia is evidenced by its inability to provide public or social goods such as security, despite the fact that it has all the instruments of coercion (the prison system, the police and the army). It is against this backdrop that large swathes of Somali land such as Jilib are still under the control of the Islamist organization, Harakat al-Shabaab al-Mujahedeen (commonly known as al-Shabaab). The ineffectiveness of the country is also underscored by the facts that: the presence and operation of al-Shabaab form a parallel government to that of Transitional Somali Government; and that foreign terrorist cells such as al- Qaeda are sponsoring al-Shabaab’s presence and operations in Somalia. The latter is the case since terrorists are bent on destabilizing Somalia as a strategic point to expand to Africa. The same also exposes the vulnerability of the Somali government since it
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The political situation after the fall of France at Sedan was disturbing and there were supporters of monarchy and republican rule which resulted in the formation of a temporary government. Most of the republican governments did not last long but the republican regime of seventy years has contributed a lot in building up national unity and highlighting national identity in France.
During the space of a year he abdicates in all his territories, before retiring to live near a Spanish monastery”(History World,2007).During 1556, the king Charles handed over his crown to his son Phillip and this kingdom included Spain, Spanish monastery and Spanish America.
Krasner goes so far as to claim that the state concept that emerged from the treaties of 1648 had little to do with the modern state of today and primarily reflected the needs of that era and that the meaning of concepts such as ‘sovereignty’ and ‘non-interference in internal affairs’ (which did emerge from Westphalia; Griffith et al., 2002) have had quite different meanings under different political configurations over time (Cruz, L.
Monarchy is the most ancient form of government and is derived from two Greek words ‘mono’ meaning ‘alone’ and ‘archein’ meaning ‘to rule’ and it can be absolute, limited or constitutional (Schiel, 2005). Most of the old regimes had an absolute monarch before the spread of enlightenment, reformation, nationalism, and liberalism ideas.
Various theorists and interest groups have forwarded their analysis on this subject matter. Such discussions and analysis shall be presented in this paper, with ideas mostly revolving around the question of whether or not the modern forms of administration and discipline compromise the liberties and rights promised by the modern state.
According to the paper, the essence of modern state is monopolisation of the means of legitimate physical violence over a definite territory. Weber addressed this special form of legitimacy of the state’s monopoly as ‘rational-legal’ legitimacy which relies on impersonal rules that constrain the power of state elites.
The paper argues that the distinctive features of the modern state involve high level of nationalism and multiculturalism, liberal institutions and importance of national culture, integration and lack of autonomy in the global context. The paper concludes that the uniqueness and distinctive attributes of the modern state are based on the concepts of national identity, multiculturalism and democratic freedoms.
As it is known already that the first round of Eastern enlargement took place in the 2003 with the likes of Central and Eastern Europe as well as Cyprus and Malta joining the EU.This also included Romania and Bulgaria.Most of these countries had to go through several Interim Agreements to allow for the application of the provisions of the Stabilization and Association Agreement (SAA) that are under the competence of the Community.These are aimed at the gradual integration towards the EU in the period before ratification process is finalized.
With the opportunity to look back, it is possible to see that Hitler did indeed provide large sums of monetary support for the art world he believed in, which did lead to the proliferation of many new sculptures and other artworks; however, the constraints placed on Germany’s art world did not lead the country to produce highly influential works of art. Instead, they reflect the struggle for creative expression within a dictatorial regime in which creative expression was to be feared rather than celebrated.