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Renaissance and humanism: human and physical geography, greco-roman revival and art & architecture - Research Paper Example

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Name Institution Date Renaissance and humanism It has been argued that world and all its inclusions are dynamic. Indeed, some of these arguments may not be disputed. The evolution of the world has been accompanied by significant changes. For instance, the social, economic and political lifestyle of 21st century differs significantly from that of the preceding centuries…
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Renaissance and humanism: human and physical geography, greco-roman revival and art & architecture
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"Renaissance and humanism: human and physical geography, greco-roman revival and art & architecture"

Download file to see previous pages Politically, societies are now organized into central governments, with emphasis increasingly laid on democracy. These features set apart the current society from societies in the preceding centuries. Development in the renaissance period has been one of the areas that have attracted the interest of the historians. The renaissance period is characterized by various elements, including science and technology, environment, power and authority and the impact of these elements of the society. The renaissance period began in 14 century and lasted until 17 century. One of the ways of bringing out the features of the renaissance period is by comparing it with another era, say the 18th Century man. First, the age of enlightenment is one of the marks that differentiate the 18th Century man and the medieval man, yet enlightenment of this phase may be perceived as humanism, a learning approach oriented towards empiricism. Humanism can be perceived as the cultural movement advance by the intellectuals of the time, and was to induce reforms on the society based on reasons, as opposed to revelations, faith and superstitions. It was also aimed at fostering knowledge advancement through science. As such, the age of enlightenment was characterized by efforts to promote science and intellectual interchange while shunning superstitions and intolerance that had long prevailed since the medieval period (Anderson 45). Plague was one of the most threatening diseases during the renaissance period. Originating between 1650 and 1700, the humanism was advanced by a number of popular philosophers such as the Baruch Spinoza, Pierre Bayle, Isaac Newton and John Locke, among others. The rulers and princes of the time would often endorse and even attempt applying the enlightenment ideas, in what was labeled as the Despotism of enlightenment. In some parts of Europe, such as France, enlightenment age bore the encyclopedia, a literary philosophical and political material accredited to Denis Diderot and other intellectuals and philosophers such as Rousseau, Voltaire and Montesquieu. A number of copies of the material were sold, with as many as a half being sold in areas outside France. The material was considered as a pivotal agent in the spread of the intellectual forces across Europe’s urban centers, especially Scotland, England, Italy, Spain, Russia, Netherlands and, eventually, the European colonies across the Atlantic. It is argued that the material was particularly influential to the elites, including the rulers. In particular, it is argued to have influenced Benjamin Franklin and even Thomas Jefferson. The literary material also played a crucial role in spearheading the American Revolution, as well as in influencing Bill of Rights and even the Declarations of Independence. The enlightenment age would give way to the Romanticism, a culture that emphasized on the prevalence of emotions while attracting counter-enlightenment forces. It is widely cited that its effect were also substantial in delineating between the elite man of the time and the medieval man. The elite man of the 18th century perceived himself as liberal and enlightened while labeling the medieval man as a conservative, mass man. Indeed, medieval Europe, especially England, was characterized by superstitions pertaining to demons, ghosts and witches. For instance, the medieval era was the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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