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The Second New Deal - Essay Example

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THE SECOND NEW DEAL The Second New Deal Institution Instructor During the 1930’s, America was facing a number of reforms in its social, economic and political life. A number of its leaders such as Huey Long, Father Charles Coughlin, Alfred Landon as well as the President Franklin Roosevelt came up with various policies that were supposed to look out and carter for the needs of the citizens…
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The Second New Deal
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"The Second New Deal"

The Second New Deal had a number of goals, first, there was determination to fight poverty, this was one issue that the New Deal did not address thus Roosevelt felt he was supposed to look at. Secondly, it was going to counter the mass unemployment in the country with employment for most idlers. Another goal that the second deal had was to provide social safety in the whole region as well as deal with the crisis of bank failures (Kennedy, 1999). To achieve these goals, the Second New Deal was going to propose several pieces of legislation so that what they were planning to do was going to be accepted on a national scale, thus embraced by everyone one. With regard to this, several acts were passed in the assembly. One of them was the Social Security Act, this act provided benefits in terms of money for the elderly and the unemployed, and this was to be under the unemployed insurance and old age pensions. It was also to cater for the blind and the physically challenged persons (Kennedy, 1999). This was to be funded by a double tax on every working Americans paycheck. This was one group of people that had been abandoned in the earlier deal and Roosevelt argued that they ought to be catered for in the New Deal (Kennedy, 1999). The Wagner Act, that was named after Robert Wagner, the senator who introduced the bill that later came to be known as the National Labor Relations Act was also formed. This act forced employers to allow their employees to form unions so that they could get the power to collectively bargain for their rights. According to Kennedy, 1999, the Works Progress Administration Act was passed on the April of 1935. This Act helped unemployed people by offering them the opportunity to work in public works projects all over the country. These included projects such as the construction of schools, playgrounds and other public facilities as well as theatrical productions and writing projects to those who could manage such. The Second New Deal was effective in doing all of this because; as a result of the Works Progress Administration Act nearly 10 million Americans were hired to construct public amenities in under a decade with the Congress using almost $10 billion in this project. On the other hand, the Social Security Act was also gathering a lot of success; it gave income to the most destitute in the society such as the blind (Kennedy, 1999). In addition to this, it completely changed the views that most Americans had regarding work and retirement. Earlier, retirement was always viewed as an unbearable period which was hard to get through but it was now seen as something that every retiree could enjoy. This was because the paycheck taxes were being termed as personal retirement savings but they were redistributed as soon as they were collected thus helping everyone in the society as well as those who were being taxed when they reached retirement age (Kennedy, 1999). Another area where the Second New Deal proved to be very effective was in the Labor Force. As per the Wagner Act, there was more effective collective bargaining and striking just within a year of its enactment. For example, there was a case where the General Motors Automobile factory used the Wagner Act to initiate strikes where their sentiments were effectively considered. This was a point whereby the Read More
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