Nobody downloaded yet

How Western Civilization is shaped by what historians call 'others', - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
How Western Civilization is shaped by what historians call others [Author] [Institution] Set in early sixteenth century, ‘The Prince’, Machiavelli’s book drastically differed from existing political philosophies and literature as it focused on realism, rather than idealism…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.9% of users find it useful
How Western Civilization is shaped by what historians call others,
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"How Western Civilization is shaped by what historians call 'others',"

Download file to see previous pages Conquering new regions necessitated the formulation of new ways to hold the vast empires together. Machiavelli expounded upon how the rulers should incorporate the newly acquitted territories comprising of people belonging to distinct regions, usually having high expectations from the new ruler. According to Machiavelli’s views, newly acquired territories and foreign states can be regarded as the ‘other’. Machiavelli states that these states can be divided between principalities and republics and in ‘The Prince’, he elaborates on principalities. According to him, principalities can be divided between hereditary principalities and new principalities, with the former being the ones formerly ruled by the ruler’s ancestors, while the new being the new ones acquired or added to current state by the ruler.1He further states that it is easier to rule hereditary principalities because the society is already accustomed to the rule. However, in case of a new principality, the ruler has to be shrewd so that the people do not revolt against him, when he fails to fulfill all their expectations as a new ruler. Machiavelli proposes that a ruler should suppress such a revolt and then punish the conspirators severely in order to set an example and inhibit future revolts2. Machiavelli regards the upholding of a new principality as more difficult because if a ruler is unable to fully conform to their expectation, then people take up arms against him. It is much easier to rule a new principality, if people share the same language, culture and customs. The prince could assassinate the old ruler’s family and introduce new taxes and if he ensure that society’s prevalent customs and norms are upheld, people will not revolt. In new territories with strong linguistic and cultural differences, a ruler must live there to ensure the local rulers don’t revolt and foster close ties with the subjects. He could also form colonies which would be cheaper than to have a widespread military existence, which may induce a revolt as well. However, it would negatively affect the poor and distant populations, but because they are unable to revolt, they should be crushed. Consequently, most people would ally with the prince and the rest will fear him. To support his argument, he gives the example of Louis X113. In order to maintain his presence in a foreign region, a prince must not only subjugate the people, but remain the strongest one and ensure no neighboring power takes over. He must suppress the strong powers and by default the weaker ones would ally with him and his will remain the most dominant state in the region. Princes must also be wary of new problems that could turn into a serious issue and must undertake preemptive measures.4 In newly acquired territories that were previously free, it is better for a prince to completely destroy, so that no threat of revolt remains, as otherwise traditional ties due to shared history of freedom will propel them to revolt5. However, in a territory that was previously ruled by a prince, once the old ruler is killed, there is no threat of revolt as people are accustomed to blindly obey the ruler. In addition, a new ruler must strive to depend on his own prowess, rather than passively relying on fortune. Such a ruler is more successful in maintain order and introducing a new set of rules, as he uses force and accomplishes his goals6. According to Machiavelli, a prince chosen by nobles or people must strive to foster ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“How Western Civilization is shaped by what historians call 'others', Essay”, n.d.)
How Western Civilization is shaped by what historians call 'others', Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1461573-how-western-civilization-is-shaped-by-what
(How Western Civilization Is Shaped by What Historians Call 'Others', Essay)
How Western Civilization Is Shaped by What Historians Call 'Others', Essay. https://studentshare.org/history/1461573-how-western-civilization-is-shaped-by-what.
“How Western Civilization Is Shaped by What Historians Call 'Others', Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1461573-how-western-civilization-is-shaped-by-what.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
How Greek Political Experience Shaped Western Tradition
How Greek political experience shaped western tradition. The origins of civilization came about as a result of the spread of western culture mannerism across the entire world. This brought about the education acquisition system which involved class attendance and the introduction of online and technological learning in pursuit of education and the achievement of outstanding academic performances among various individuals across the globe.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Western Civilization
Western Civilization. The world has come a long way from early civilization which led to the development of well organized structures geared at enhancing the way of life. This has so far impacted greatly on continents and was the reason behind the rapid development across the globe.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Western civilization. Important events in the late 18th century that shaped modern civilization
The first industrial revolution (1760 to 1840) marks the transition from an agrarian, handicraft economy to one dominated by industry and machine manufacturer. The revolution was characterized by technological, socioeconomic and cultural changes.
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Western civilization
Western civilization has been described in the western culture that is found in the scientific, political, artistic and the philosophical principles that were adopted by people at that time. This term has been linked to immigration and
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Western Civilization
Fourier, another Frenchman, believed that economic competition is the source of all evil, work should be voluntary, and everything should be shared by all; Owen drafted the model socialist community where everybody helped in raising children, women had a role in governance, and, sexual freedom for all sexes.
20 Pages(5000 words)Essay
Western civilization
intellectual traditions, developed by ancient civilizations, and for this reason, western civilization is considered to have developed from the renaissance to modernity. Renaissance describes the process in which artists and scholars attempted to rediscover as well as to revive
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Western Civilization
Civilization refers to the advancement of a society to achieve a higher level of development and organization. Western civilization can be described social norms, ethical values, beliefs and political systems dating from the classical period of the Greco-Roman era.
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Western civilization
Looking at what has survived of the Roman Twelve Tables as compared to Hammurabis Code shows a great deal of similarities, but there are some subtle differences that may suggest a change in civilization. The Hammurabi Code offers numerous specific
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Western civilization
The reasons why I am strongly convinced that these aforementioned sources set stage for western socio-cultural, economic and political perspectives are divulged upon
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Western Civilization
This paper outlines some of the impacts that this civilization has had on humanity and the environment in various places. Humanity has had a fair share of positive influences of the western civilization, for
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic How Western Civilization is shaped by what historians call 'others', for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us