It was due to the untiring efforts of the African-American slaves that lead to the foundation of an entirely new nation with a solid economy. It would certainly not be wrong to say that the American history owns a very influential legacy of slavery that continues to inspire the American nation. …
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Establishment of slavery in America:
The early 17th century marks the start of slavery in the US. During the era of 17th century humungous numbers of slaves were brought into US from different areas of Africa. The life expectancy rate during that time period in the Brazilian regions was quite low so these slaves were brought to US where the level of life expectancy was better. Many historians claim that nearly 6 million highly competent slaves were brought from abroad especially from Africa to America in the 18th century (Griffin, 2009, 605).
During the 18th century, most of the black slaves worked on the tobacco and rice plants, located near the southern coast. Many colonists claim that after the American Revolution, the black slaves in America were overpowered by the British in order to abolish slavery in the nation because they expected that this would end up in resulting in adverse effects. However, as the war ended, the new American constitution counted every slave in the country as three-fifths of a person with the intention of taxation and ensuring the right to seize ‘any person who is acquired for labor or other services’.
Role of cotton gin:
The number of slaves in America began to reduce in the late 18th century due to shortage of lands required for growth of tobacco. Due to this terrible exhaustion of tobacco plants, an economic crisis hit the South. During this period, textile industries were rapidly growing in the Britain and the demand for cotton reached its zenith. The textile industries in the Britain demanded the American cotton for speedy growth of these industries. Unfortunately, growth of American cotton was restricted in America due to difficulty of elimination of seeds from raw fibers of cotton by hand. This problem was sorted out in 1700s by a young school teacher, Eli Whitney, who invented a machine known as cotton gin for easy removal of seeds (Griffin, 2009, 598). This device brought a revolution not only in America, but in South Asia too as a rapid transition from production of tobacco to production of cotton was witnessed. A great number of businessmen benefitted by investing on cotton plants and this investment aided them in earning high levels of wealth. Almost all northern states put an end to slavery between the years 1700s to 1800s and the US Congress excluded the African slave trade from the benefit of the law, but these actions never really affected the growth of slaves in America. The population of slaves in the United States of America grew so rapidly that it had tripled over the next 45 years. By the year 1860, the population of slaves rose to 5,97,000 individuals, with most of the slaves dwelling in the cotton-producing southern states. Brutal behavior of slaveholders and the slave revolts: One-third of the southern population comprised of slaves in the Antebellum South. A good number of these slaves subsisted on either huge farms or plantations with most of the masters owning only less than 50 slaves. A strict method of restrictive codes regulated the lives of these slaves as the slave owners wanted the slaves to be entirely dependent upon their masters. The slaves were strictly interdicted by their masters from educating themselves. The behavior as well as the movement of the slaves were also governed by the slave owners and were restricted. Slave owners took sexual privileges with slave
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In the speech given on August 28, 1963 known as “I Have a Dream,” Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. inspired the minds of millions to believe in the moral progress of society and the process of social justice primarily as means through which African-Americans could enter into full equality in the country.
Earlier, there existed some sort of discrimination against the African-Americans which paved way for many problems in America. This is not the scenario right now and the African Americans have come about to become one of the most treasured assets in the US.
History and Political Science October 17, 2011 African Americans and the Ending of Segregation A Beginning of Desegregation Around the time of the Civil War the countries’ economy was in such terrible shape that we were in need of some kind of help with the situation.
There were massive campaigns of civil resistance from the black population in America. At some point in the 1950s and 1960s, nonviolent protests and open acts of civil disobedience initiated disagreements between activists in the civil movement and the American government.
On the other hand, the Fifteenth Amendment granted African American men the right to cast their vote. In spite of having acknowledged equal rights with respect to the United States Constitution, a lot more white people persisted to show prejudice against African Americans across the United States (McDowell 20-40).
The present paper will present how the African Americans experienced inequality during the Civil rights movement. They have experienced the failure of reconstruction as they continuously felt how the Whites are aggressive towards them with violence.The Whites were violent towards them to prevent them from voting, to experience desegregation in the school division between the Whites and Blacks, and to be given lesser opportunities for work.
Today also there are incidents but not brutal than earlier. To become equals in America, African-Americans have been contentious and fought for decades. This freedom fight got the faces of brave fights, boycotts, freedom rides, civil right movements and establishment of civil right groups.
Fourteenth Amendment made all Americans equal before the law, yet for the next century Jim Crow laws still prevailed. The government was not ready to enforce these laws. The American white society was not ready to accept the new order. Court battles waged by National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) had proved to be ineffective.