The united states after the civil war - Essay Example

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Date The United States after the Civil War The cost of the Civil War to the United States was massive. The American economy boomed after the Civil war and the country witnessed remarkable economic growth and development (Peacock 11)…
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The united states after the civil war
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What became apparent during this development is the realization that modernization always extracts heavy price. The United States extracted a heavy price in regard to its natural resources, politics, environment, and landscape. In addition, this development affected the American character, as citizens became more self-serving, acquisitive, greedy, materialistic, and self-centered. The American Republic became more ethnic and race-conscious and class conscious as well (Peacock 18). In order to better understand the United States after the civil war, this paper will discuss the various dynamics that shaped the American history from 1865-1900 and what caused the dramatic changes in the American society. Immigration and urbanization are dynamics that significantly shaped the American history from 1865-1900 and caused the dramatic changes in the American society. During this period, the United States population grew from about 24 million in 1865 to over 76 million in 1900 (Moretta, Louise and Anne 23). It is estimated that 16.2 million of this population growth was as a result of immigration. Massive immigration into the United States has been attributed to the American “pulls” that attracted foreigners into the country. ...
Immigration also had considerable impact on culture, food, and languages in the United States thereby causing dramatic changes in the society and affected the American character (Peacock 44). The United States also recorded fast urbanization during this period as industrial opportunities in American cities attracted people from other countries and rural areas (Moretta, Louise and Anne 30). As a result of urbanization, the Republic became more ethnic, race, and class-conscious and the American character was affected as citizens became more acquisitive and materialistic. Apart from immigration and urbanization, reconstruction and industrialization were the other main dynamics that shaped the American history from 1865-1900. Reconstruction of the United States occurred between 1865 and 1877 and it aimed at addressing how the eleven seceding states would be reseated in Congress and regain self-government, and the legal and constitutional status of freedmen. After the end of the United States’ reconstruction, industrialization took off from nearly where it had left off prior to the Civil War (Moretta, Louise and Anne 49). Steel and iron became important ingredients to the enhanced industrialization of the United States. During the period after reconstruction and 1900, the United States became more and more industrialized and less agricultural. Raw materials like coal significantly increased the industrialization capacity of the United States. Key people in the industrialization process such as John Rockefeller, Andrew Carnegie, Cornelius Vanderbilt, and Thomas Edison were instrumental in accelerating industrialization in the United States through their inventions and initiatives. Due to the rapid industrialization process, the Read More
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