name: Subject: Proliferation Proliferation is rapid and almost uncontrolled increase of weapons of mass destruction. It’s normally done against the non-proliferation treaty, (NPT). The two countries known for proliferation are North Korea and Iran…
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In the year 1993, the inspectors from IAEA were denied access to the North Korean sites. Specifically they were denied access to two sites, (Mozley 101). In the same year North Korea withdrew from NPT and made it harder for the IAEA to conduct its affairs, (Cronin 57). In 1994, the United States of America had bilateral negotiations with North Korea and agreed of a framework. This framework demanded that North Korea freezes its plutonium for ten years. It was also to allow IAEA inspector into its sites, (Smith 20). This was to confirm that it is as willing to freeze the plutonium. It turned out that both countries were never satisfied with the agreed framework, (Khan 133). The agreed framework collapsed later when the president of United States, George Bush, ascended to power in the year 2001. North Korea announced in the year 2009 that it had come up with nuclear weapons. It is estimated that North Korea posses a small cache of elementary and basic nuclear weapons. North Korea has a substantive arsenal of nuclear weapons, (Mozley 101). North korea has been part of NPT up to 2003. North korea withdrew from the treaty after blaming the united states for what it called betrayal, (Cronin 57). The treaty had a major assignment. It was also meant to normalize the relationship between North Korea and other countries. Eventually, this would help North Korea to have got some energy assistance from other countries. In the year 2006, the month of October, the government of North Korea, announced that it had conducted its first nuclear test, (Khan 133). The Japanese seismological authorities together with the United States geological survey confirmed there was an earthquake of a 4.3 magnitude. This tended to be consistent with claims that the nation of North Korea made, (Chinoy 90). In April, the year 2009, there were reports to the effect that North Korea had become a fully fledged nuclear power state, (Mozley 101). This opinion was shared by Mohamed Elbaradei, the general director of the IAEA. In the following month of May, 2009, North Korea did conduct another nuclear test, (Khan 133). This time around an earthquake of 4.7 magnitudes was detected. On may 25 2009, a test of nuclear weapon was conducted by North Korea. This time it was a second test. The location of the test was not revealed. This second test involved a nuclear weapon whose magnitude was the same as that of the atomic bombs dropped in Japan during the Second World War. North Korea did not stop at that. It went ahead to test two short-range missiles. This was reported by the South Korean news network, (Chinoy 90). In July 2011, a key person in Pakistan’s nuclear weapons program Abdul Khan, made allegations to the effect that north Korea had fully gained access to the Pakistan’ nuclear technology. This was in the late 1990s. This happened through bribing top Pakistan’s officials. However, the allegations were denied by Pakistan’s authorities, (Smith 20). Mr. Khan said that he had assisted in transferring three million US dollars to senior military officers in Pakistan, (Chinoy 90). In the year 2012, a report by the United Nations council showed that between May 2011 and 2012 there was no violations reported with regard to the sanctions imposed to North Korea, (Cronin 57). This concerned with the dual technology involved in making ballistic missiles and nuclear weapons. Sanctions have had some success in stopping North Korea from
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(“Proliferation Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
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(Proliferation Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
“Proliferation Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1456768-proliferation-the-case-of-north-korea-and-pivotal.
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