The research paper "The Cold War and U.S. Diplomacy" is purposed to highlight the reasons caused the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the U.S, the circumstances and main events happened during the war and its influence on the history, politics and economics of these two superpowers…
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Roskin (2012) asserts that the Kennedy’s doctrine was for responding flexibly to communist expansion, particularly to guerrilla warfare. Initially, the Kennedy counterinsurgency program succeeded in overturning the foreign policy establishment in a bout of seminars, uptight formulation of strange policy, counterinsurgency courses and bureaucratic upheavals. Nonetheless, this counterinsurgency orientation has not been executed at the detriment of its hitherto extremely prominent twin, which was the offensive unconventional warfare. Apparently, the Kennedy administration became practically instigated with the landing craft designated for Cuba, which started in April 1961 with efforts of meddling with existing governments there and in Congo; this was a lasting feature of those three brief years. However, it was a set of initiatives to develop an extensive counterinsurgency policy that controlled the years of Kennedy, with a doctrine, infrastructure, and a program of counterinsurgency being developed nearly overnight. This counterinsurgency era regarding the military and the intelligence establishments started with Kennedy and thereafter faded away with the withdrawal of the United States from Vietnam. This program drew partly from the same resources built up for unconventional warfare, and offered a new and integrated tactic to a deserted Cold War’s theater (Ucko, 2009).
Kennedy's involvement in confronting the guerrilla warfare has in most cases been seen as a reaction to the back-up of wars of liberation by Nikita Khrushchev. There are perceptions that the speech by Khrushchev in January 1961, following Kennedy's inauguration, is particularly significant in electrifying the new president to a program of action. Nonetheless, Khrushchev's rhetoric was possibly rather less significant compared to the troubles with communists present in Vietnam and Laos, ideological doubts concerning African decolonization, and the unfinished business within Cuba; however, efforts were in progress for slapping down the first unbeaten communist revolution within the America's backyard (Ucko, 2009). According to the accounts of meeting by National Security Council regarding Kennedy's initial months in office, much of his thinking, and that of his group, had previously been crystallized with the
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Though they had been allies against the Fascist powers during the war, Stalin and the Soviet Union soon emerged as a threat to the greatest freedom that the United States held dear: democracy. In preaching communist values, Joseph Stalin represented a threat to not only the freedom of Americans, but also to the rest of the world.
Carter’s response and application of his doctrine in the form of actions he took to support his claims are discussed in detail. The paper also assesses the effects of his diplomatic efforts on US and other countries as well. Keywords: Cold War, USSR invasion, Carter doctrine The Cold War and U.S Diplomacy Introduction At the end of World War II, USSR and US were the two superpowers.
The overall objective of the U.S foreign policy was to stop communism and did not change noticeably from one doctrine to another. Only the costs and the intensity changed. Although a number of doctrines were articulated, they are just variations on the prime “containment” policy or the Truman Doctrine.
In other words, it is the theme of a president’s foreign policy outlined for the country’s role in international politics. From an academic perspective, it can be called the country’s foreign policy, set by the president to be followed during his term.
These governments received support from the Soviet Union. At the onset of the Cold War, the official policy of the United States on communism had been containment. After the inactions of the Reagan Doctrine, the United States changed its policy of stopping the spread of communism to eliminating the existing governments practicing communism.
It is vital to mote that the globe was also experiencing conflicts on every bend as nuclear terrors were threatening from numerous states. As the president of USA, Nixon had the task to make sure world tranquility and counteract the nuclear threat.
The first significant event to have happened was the overthrowing of Shah of Iran in February 1979 (Bogle, 2001). After this, there was a troubled relationship with the successors of Shah. The relationship was complicated by the revolution that was taking place
In another incident, in 1948, the communist party forcefully grabbed power in Czechoslovakia with the support from Russia. The blockade of Berlin with Russian support was certainly another major event that could have had some serious implications in
Truman’s doctrine of 1947 was particularly aimed at containing the rise of communism just as was his words, “Contain the Expansion of Communism, Presumable Everywhere.” In this paper I will be evaluating about the Truman doctrine relative to the relations between USA and
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