9th June 2012 1. Kipling’s “White Man’s Burden” is about the US conquest of Spanish colonies and the Philippines. Kipling has presented a Eurocentric view of the world in the poem. This poem reflects the non-European cultures as demonic and childlike…
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Rudyard Kipling is trying to show the negative attitudes of Europeans towards imperialism. Africans were considered as savages and a burden by them. This is a racial point of view. Africans are considered as crazy, devilish, and dumb people. Africans are treated as a burden of the Europeans, but at the same time, they also think that it is their responsibility to help Africans out. Kipling is simply justifying American’s coming in Africa and taking over the African lives. This reflects that he does not believe in the concept of equality. For him, not every person holds equal rights and some have fewer rights than others, simply because they are less humane. He is encouraging the concept of imperialism. He believes that the Africans are simply ungrateful people. Help is being granted to them, yet they are retaliating against it. 2. Kipling addressed this poem to the Americans in relation to their recent colonization of Philippines. I believe that Kipling really thinks that it is the responsibility of the civilized nations to those they have conquered. While using the term “white man’s burden”, he is trying to explain the fact that the European ancestry (or the American one, for that matter) has more opportunities and chances for better education and has more political influence than the natives had. Had Kipling written this poem earlier, he would have argued against colonial imperialism. He was born in the time when native people have already been conquered. It seems as if Kipling is trying to get across the message that no gratitude or corporation in return for the improvement of the lives should be expected. When Kipling uses the phrase “Take up the White man’s Burden”, it has two meanings. It is naturally considered a duty towards the primitive, impoverished people and that the do-gooder has to bear the resulting ingratitude. Kipling’s assumption regarding the laziness and backwardness of the Filipinos might be considered as racist and patronizing to many modern day readers. But it simply was not meant to offend the people. Kipling was simply trying to explain the difficulties which the Americans faced. The issues, which were then raised by Kipling, seem to be relevant in today’s world. The world is not made a better place without sacrifices and hard work. In addition, the welcome mat is not always rolled out for those who want to change the world for the better. 3. Kipling has offered defense throughout the poem. He thinks that imperialism can work out for the best if it is executed correctly. The poem was meant to discuss not only the American response to the Philippines but also towards the European countries – that they should share medicines and wealth to reduce the misfortunes, illnesses, and famines which are polluting Africa. At first, imperialism might seem to be very striking, but it can have various definitions, depending on the way it is being executed. So much emphasis on the execution is placed so that dual meaning is not derived out of Kipling’s prose. He strongly believes that if imperialism is implemented in the correct way, than it can preserve cultures. It is possible only if the wealth is shared and medicine is practiced properly. However, it was not seen the way Kipling had interpreted. The wealthy defined civilization. White men are considered wealthy and hence
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European imperialism of the last few centuries were heavily centered on the perceived moral responsibility of its leaders toward other supposedly backward regions of the world Also referred to as the White Man's Burden,this notion of cultural,religious,scientific and administrative superiority over far-off civilizations had led to several negative consequences.
The author states that this burden must be taken up because of a moral responsibility to help people. In reality, this morality was often distorted and led to negative consequences for everyone involved. Morel sees things differently. The black man's burden is the so-called help that people in Africa were receiving from Europeans.
Especially in a present context, when the notions of imperialism tend to accrue negative aspersions, it is much easier to condemn and criticize imperialism. As far as the literature is concerned, the essential duty of a reader is to conjure up one’s notions of imperialism after reading the literature affiliated to both sides of the issue.
Largely they are right in doing so. History testifies to the fact that a scientific and rational bent of mind has always been a worthy precursor of progress and growth. The other side of the coin is that scientific temperament is not the only criteria that qualify a nation or age to be called progressive.
The poem also charges the whites with feeding the hungry and curing the sick and assumes that the natives can not do this on their own. Lastly, the poem warns that the people (natives) will "weigh your gods and you" (Brians), and that the whites would incur the "judgment of your peers" (Brians).
He also has to prove that he is not acting in self defence, under duress and under provocation, or 'in a state of non-insane automatism. Legal burden on prosecution could make it almost impossible to negate the claim of defence, and in most of the cases placing legal burden on prosecution might not be unfair.
Between 1863 and 1965 in America, there was a major ideological shift in how the Federal Government perceived African-American issues. 1863 holds value because it is the year that President Abraham Lincoln passed the Emancipation Proclamation freeing slaves in America.
The poem considered imperialism as a thankless but noble enterprise as the US is encouraged to govern a wild country that is half devil and half child until it is finally ready to be a member of the global
It is fair to say so also about Sigmund Freud. He was influenced much by Darvin’s ideas, and he based his own theories of psychoanalysis on understanding human as a complicated animal, which’s driven by instincts. And one of the key instincts is seeking of pleasure. This Freud’s explanation is still popular nowadays.
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