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U.S. foreign policy: Iran Hostage Crisis - Research Paper Example

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Iran hostage crisis is the notion given to the diplomatic crisis between Iran and United States in 1979, when 52 American citizens who were working as diplomats in the American Embassy in Tehran were held hostage for 444 days. The Iranian government of that time formed after the Iranian Revolution backed an effort made by Islamist armed students and militants to take over the embassy…
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U.S. foreign policy: Iran Hostage Crisis
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Download file to see previous pages Prior to the attacks, Bush’s administration was criticized for its international military policies. In the wake of the attacks however, a worldwide condemnation for terrorism was seen. And the war on terror raged over Afghanistan and over Iraq for years. It claimed many lives and caused the destruction of many communities and structures in Afghanistan and Iraq. As the war went on for years without much progress being gained in managing the terrorist issue, debates and rumblings on the war were slowly being expressed from various interest groups, countries, and organizations. And like another Vietnam War, the war on terror started to flounder and lose popular support. The terrorist attack in 2005 in London which was reportedly initiated by the Al Qaeda group was just one of the indications which pointed to the glaring truth that the War on Terrorism was not working. In 2004, the Bush Administration cancelled its publication of the yearly “Patterns of Global Terrorism” report which would have manifested that the terrorist attacks increased significantly from 175 in 2003 to 625 in 2004 (Gregory, 2005). Throughout the years, the War Party has been claiming that the War on Terrorism has successfully minimized the number of terrorist attacks throughout the globe; however, all other data seem to oppose this claim (Gregory, 2005). Other groups supporting the war on terror were also firm in their support for the war, even when Rumsfeld’s leaked report indicated the limitations of the US in fighting the war on terror. ...
International relations experts and political analyst see the whole crisis as a violation of international law by Iran but they also consider the policies adopted by President Carter a reason behind the crisis to prolong. The Iranian hostage crisis did not take place on its own; there is a long series of events associated with it. The incidents which lead to Iran Hostage Crisis can be traced in the US foreign policy towards Iran during the years before the Iranian revolution.1 Background Events United States administration had a strong alliance with the Shah of Iran and the CIA with the help of MI6 overthrew the democratically elected government of Iran in 1953 to restore Shah. Therefore, an anti-American sentiment was already present in the Iranian people. Moreover, United States continued to support Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, the Shah of Iran and failed to consider the deteriorating popularity of the Shah in Iran. Shah was involved in a number of human rights violations and his rule was called a brutally repressive regime by many human rights agencies. It was an evident fact that Shah was able to prolong his rule because of the unflinching support of the United States. That is why Iranians held United States equally responsible for the oppressive actions taken against them as the Shah. His visit to the United States in 1977 was considered as an effort by the Shah to suppress the increasing cries of revolution in the country and thousands of Iranians protested against his visit. The US administration completely ignored the Iranian demonstrations against the Shah, which further enraged the people.2 The efforts to overthrow Shah’s American backed regime gained intensity and his regime ended the next year with the Iranian Revolution. The President’s national ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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