We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Socrates and his theories - Essay Example

Comments (0)
Summary
Course: Instructor: Institution: Date: Socrates Athenian form of government focused on the power of the majority and equivalent involvement of its citizens in the governing procedure. In addition, the Athenian government expected each citizen to endeavor an improvement in their lives; economically, socially and politically…
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER
Socrates and his theories
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Socrates and his theories

Download file to see previous pages... Contrary to other philosophers, Socrates devoted his life to serve his people without charging fees (Plato 34). Therefore, to state that Socrates had no or little participation of democracy in Athenian government is entirely true. Socrates perceived democratic form of governance as corrupt, unjust, and he profoundly differed with its ideologies. As a philosopher, Socrates believed in practicality and critical thinking in order for one to improve his or her life. He opposed the idea of the majority being in government, which is one of the fundamentals that form a democratic government. According to Pericles, Socrates lack of recognition in equality through participation of the majority makes him less a democratic citizen (Plato 40). Cleon as portrayed by Thucydides was a diligent supporter of the democratic system of government. In his speech Cleon, upholds the negative aspects of the Athenian rules. Cleon strongly believed that anyone who opposed the Athenian government is subject to punishment (Thucydides 25). Cleon delivered his speech opposing the Mytilenian revolt against Athens. In his speech, Cleon emphasized on certain aspects of democracy discussed by Pericles in his famous funeral oration. These aspects include the implementation of the death row sentence. It is my opinion that as much as Cleon convinced Athenians through his speech that democracy is the answer to peace, order and equality. However, it is vital to consider the opinion of the minority for democracy to be effective and sufficient. Socrates did not support Athenian democratic government because of its ignorance of the minority. In fact, he considered it a tool of oppression. Socrates would highly disagree with Cleon’s speech full of egotistical claims in favor of democratic government. This is because in his speech Cleon does not mention the installation of moral values among the citizens to ensure orderliness. Rather, he emphasizes on the execution of the law whether it is just or bias (Thucydides 30). His speech contrasts Socrates belief in the power of knowledge and critical thinking as opposed to following and serving the law blindly (Plato 56). In his speech Diodotus, stressed on the importance of reasoning before implementing a rule. Diodotus urges the Athenian parliament to reason and strategize before passing a judgment on the Mytilenian revolution. Diodotus opposed Cleon who stood by the rules of law. It is my understanding that Diodotus realized that strategy and tact are essential in implementation of power or rules. As in the case of Athens, they faced a challenge in integrating the other states in their system of governance. This was result of lack of strategy and tact (Thucydides 50). Diodotus in his speech argued that by wise reasoning Athenians would subtly subdue the other states without the use of force. Diodotus argument concurs with Socrates principles of governance and power. Just like Diodotus, Socrates believed in rational conflict solving methods. Moreover, in his theories Socrates states that, through critical reasoning, a state can achieve anything it intends to acquire without the use of force. Socrates also believed in knowledge as a tool for personal development. However, Diodotus and Socrates differed in terms of participation in politics. Diodotus was an active figure in policy making while Socrates concerned himself with acquisition of knowledge (Kamtekar 80). In the case of the Mytilenian debate, Diodotus ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Theories of Knowledge: Socrates Meets Descartes
Rene Descartes was also analytical focusing on mathematics and was one of the key figures leading the Scientific Revolution. Because these two philosophers have had such as prominent role as founding fathers of philosophy, Peter Kreeft highlights how a modern and classical philosopher can combine ideas to become the two primary influences that are more highly regarded than any other philosophical mind.
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Concept of Justice in Plato's Republic
In Book I of Plato’s Republic, the discussion between Thrasymachus’ and Socrates along with the ancillary audience seems to portray a different viewpoint of how justice encapsulates the wishes of the ruling class. Thrasymachus’, in his seemingly well-informed rage, presents his arguments to Socrates in describing what he thinks is just; “just is nothing other than the advantage of the stronger” (338c).
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Socrates and Plato's Apology
His ideas were highly radical for his time and they included ones that were quite different from those that were held by the Greeks at that point in history. He had a number of followers; however, the Greek state found his ideas against certain policies of the state and condemned him to death.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Socrates, Plato, Aristotle
Aristotle was a student of Plato and a teacher of the Macedonian king Alexander the Great, and his works covered almost every aspect that affects human life from government to biology. He is considered, along with Socrates and Plato to be among the founding fathers of Western philosophy.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Socrates
This paper will discuss Socrates’ views and the timeless wisdom he exhibited during his time. Body Socrates is most revered by people although he does not have the beauty of other thinkers. He uses this to his advantage as he comes up with humour to poke fun at his external appearance while enticing people to think deeply about his ideas1.
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
Socrates and his trial
There are no written records from Socrates himself. However, most of the knowledge and teachings from Socrates are available to modern day readers from the dialogues that he held with his famous pupil, by the name Plato, who lived in the periods of 427 BC to 347 BC.
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper
Teaching of Socrates
y well known writer who has been influenced and espouses the teachings of Socrates. Socrates developed a philosophy(www.saliu.com/) which, through his own teachings and the teachings of his immediate followers, especially Plato and Aristotle, eventually won the attention and respect of thinking men everywhere.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Socrates
It seems, according to most sources, that Socrates’ whole life consisted of philosophy and the search for truth; it is this overriding commitment to the love
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Socrates and plato
Socrates position, as a philosopher, was quite distinctive concerning the acquisition of knowledge. This is due to his rare strategic approach, on which he assumed he lacked information on the
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Socrates
Being from a rather poor family, Socrates must have received basic Greek education besides learning his father’s art from an early age. He is therefore believed to have worked as a
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Socrates and his theories for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us