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Historiography and Memory - Essay Example

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Name: Course: Date: Historiography and memory Historiography refers to the study and the analysis of how historical events have been written, and how these writings have been altered over time. It looks into how different historians have changed the interpretation of such events over time (Terdiman, 1993)…
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Historiography and Memory Essay
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Download file to see previous pages This entails the ability to look or hear about some information in present day and then remember such information later, when anything related to such is mentioned or seen. Memory is related to the present, meaning that the perception of today is likely to change in the future, based on the contexts and the circumstances that will be there at that moment. Therefore, memory is a dynamic aspect that keeps changing over time, and that is shaped by the current trend (Terdiman, 1993). Various approaches address the relationship between historiography and memory. The first approach is historiographical approach, which has with it the elements of time and space. According to this approach, memories are the actual events that occurred at some point in the past, while history is the representation of such events by historians in a subjective manner, based on what they can remember and what they perceive as relevant (Schwartz, 1997). Space is another element of memory that relates the past events with tangibles physical locations. Thus, according to this approach, memory entails trying to remember things that happened in the past, which are non-existent today. In so doing, representation of such events becomes a vital aspect, as it helps people in remembering the actual events that occurred, through having them represented in various forms. This way, the approach establishes the relationship between historiography and memory, in that memory is the recipe that builds history, which in turn refreshes the memory through representation of the past (Terdiman, 1993). The other approach that addresses the relationship between historiography and memory is the cultural studies approach. According to this approach, memory is incorporated in the body of an individual, through mannerisms, habits, and gestures (Schwartz, 1997). This way, an individual transfers such memory to the next generation, which then does the same to the other generations. This way, the memory that an individual or the society had in form of customs, traditions, and cultures is transferred from one generation to the other, consequently forming the history of that community (Terdiman, 1993). According to this approach, memory can also be contained in objects, where such objects serve as memories of past events. For example, taking a photograph in present day, can act as a fresh memory in the future, serving to remind an individual of all the vents, the context, the environment and the circumstances surrounding such an event. This way, the memories are revived and kept alive (Terdiman, 1993). This approach serves to establish a relationship between historiography and memory, in that the tool of history such as paintings and photographs serves to store and refresh the memories of past events. Oral approach is yet another one that addresses the relationship between historiography and memory. Through spoken words, which can be preserved in simple technological devices such as a tape recorder, a person who had been interviewed in the past will remember the exact events and the circumstances surrounding such events when they listen to the recording in present day (Schwartz, 1997). This way, oral history preserves memories, which can then be retrieved in the future. The contrast between these approaches is in the fact that, while the historiographical and the oral ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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