Nobody downloaded yet

Anti-colonial Nationalism in British India - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Date Anti-colonial Nationalism in British India Introduction Anti colonial nationalism in India began as early as 1885, the time when the Indian National Congress was established. The anti colonial groups in India were not pleased with the British rule…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.3% of users find it useful
Anti-colonial Nationalism in British India
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Anti-colonial Nationalism in British India"

Download file to see previous pages Gandhi became famous in the world for fighting for independence in India from the British colonialists in the early 20th century. The emergence of the communal consciousness between the Muslims and the Hindus was as a result of the British colonial rule, particularly the colonial legislation and administrative division of Indians into religious classes. During the colonial period, communalism and separatism were restricted only to certain regions and groups. Politics of the Indian National Congress, anti colonial nationalists’ parties, the Muslim League and the British legislation brought about the thought that the interests of the Muslim community were different from those of the Hindu community in India (Khan 234). The anti colonial struggle in India took place in three different stages, which is the proto-nationalism stage as the first stage, the rise of new leadership as the second stage and finally mass movement as the third stage. Proto-nationalism is the earliest period of anti-colonial struggle in British India. The local people did not have any knowledge about their rights and their independence during this era. The local people accepted the colonial rule of the British during this period. However, political movements and social groups demanded reforms within the British colonial rule system. When the National Congress of India was established in 1885, it was not anti British colonial rule because it believed that the British colonialists had some sense of justice and fair play in their ruling (Guha 102). The rise of new leadership in India was regarded as the second stage of anti colonial struggle. New patriotic and dedicated leaders in India took control of the movements. During this stage, leaders such as Gokhale, Mahatma Gandhi, Lala Lajpat Rai, Jawaharlal Nehru, Sardar Patel and Maulana Azad emerged (Guha 78). The third and final stage of anti colonial struggle in British India was mass movements. These national movements dominated in India in that the British colonialists were forced to use brutal force in order to maintain their power. The movements took their information to the locals in remote areas of India under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi. This final stage started with civil disobedience movements whose main aim was to sensitive the locals to disobey some of the rules of the British colonialists that were unjust. The British colonialists in turn arrested the leaders of the movements sending them to jail (Guha 34). With the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, peaceful non-violent struggles were adopted as a method of anti colonial struggle. National Congress of India was established in 1885 as a platform for the educated Indians to express their aspirations and was generally received by the British. The Congress later became anti British. Among the leaders of the Congress included Gopal Krishna Gokhale and Surendra Nath Banerjee who sought for reforms that would allow some Indians to participate in the Legislative Councils but after approximately two decades, it became anti British. The main objective of the Congress was the defeat of the British raj. In India, the freedom movement was split into two factions, that is, a less militant faction and a more militant faction. The less militant faction was represented by Gokhale and later by Mahatma Gandhi whose main ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Anti-colonial Nationalism in British India Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1448984-write-a-critical-essay-on-anti-colonial
(Anti-Colonial Nationalism in British India Essay)
“Anti-Colonial Nationalism in British India Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1448984-write-a-critical-essay-on-anti-colonial.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
Imperialism, World War 1 and Anti-Colonialism
Great Britain’s Imperialism found its strongest expression in the economic exploitation of resource-rich India, which provided valuable raw material and also constituted a significant market for manufactured British goods. By 1930, India was caught up in a nationalist, anti-colonial movement aimed at ending British rule, spearheaded by Gandhi.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Colonial assumptions/logics still continue to underpin today's global politics--an assessment as to the fairness of this stateme
The international relations (IR) study focuses on the different political aspects of the world majorly issues that relates to peace and war among and within societies. IR in the political economy is concerned with the political dimensions of development, trade, poverty and investment and these contribute to globalization.
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay
British Imperialists' Motives in Scramble for Africa
In general terms, imperialism can be defined as the domination of one group over another (Baumgart, 1982, pp. 1). However,the etymological roots of the word implies an empire; hence, broadly speaking, any imperial rule can be regarded within the category of imperialism.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Nature of British Colonialism
Many in Britain had conflicting viewpoints about the worth of colonies and how they should be used. In India, William Pitt's India Act established dual control of British India. Britain took more territory in South Africa. Canada was on a path to effective, stable government.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Nationalism and imperialism in British africa 1850-1960
The history of anti-colonial struggles is often divided into what is called "primary resistance" and "secondary resistance". The first are the struggles of African political communities against colonial invasions and incursions. The second are movements of anti-colonial liberation that developed within the colonial context.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
British Colonialism
In 1914, the British army invaded Mesopotamia, and established military order during the First World War. The subjugation of present day Iraq was not the initial intent of the British, rather their primary objective was the security of the British military position in the Persian Gulf.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Analyse the condition in which American nations became, according to Benedict Anderson, Creole Pioneers of nationalism
This society suffered internal pressures and threats than any other in history. Combined trauma of Spanish war lost most of the Spain’s Empire in the 19th
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Discuss the relationship between nationalist and anti-nationalist memories
The reason for starting the paper with these aphorisms is to remind the reader that the representation of history and the memories of the past are both subjective and something that lends itself to interpretation (Todorova, 12). The role
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Anti-colonial Nationalism in British India for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us