The Labour Party is a party with the presence in all the countries forming the United Kingdom. Currently, it is the main opposition party in England and Wales, while it is forming a government in Scotland. …
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The Labour party was founded on democratic socialism. As a result, it had close affiliations with trade unions (Lyman 1957). As a matter of fact, the party was founded so as to fight for the rights of the workers. The party rose from its humble beginnings in 1990 to form its first government under Prime Minister Clement Attlee. Labour party was in office from 1945-1951. This government was the most radical of all British governments to have come into office in the 20th Century. It strived to implement the theories espoused by John Maynard Keynes, among others. This government nationalized key industries where it had majority stake. An example of such industries was banking; where the bank of England was taken back by the government. The same case happened with mining, telecommunications and transport, steel, railway and canals industries. They believed the government had to have a hand in the running of vital industries, an idea that seems so out of place in the era of rapid privatization (Lyman 1957). The Attlee government also instituted the N.H.S (National Health Service). This is a program of socialized medicine that is the envy of the world today. This scheme made affordable healthcare accessible to the extremely poor people in the society. The Attlee government was also behind the slow dismantling of the British Empire. Independence was granted to several colonies, most notably India, the jewel in Britain’s imperial crown. The party went on to lose the 1951 general election to the Conservatives, and spent several years in opposition until Labour’s Harold Wilson was elected Prime Minister in 1964. Harold Wilson’s administration also reinforced the idea of ‘labour’ as the true Leftist party by putting in place sweeping social and educational reforms. Key among them was the legalization of abortion and homosexuality. On the educational front, comprehensive education was made accessible to millions through the creation of the Open University. This is another idea that has been replicated by the rest of the world. Even with such positive changes, Labour party was voted out of office in 1970. The party had inherited a large trade deficit that triggered a currency crisis in which the pound was severely weakened. The party was to return to power again in 1976 under James Callaghan. This administration was tirelessly trying to battle the economic crisis present at that time. It ruled with a slight majority in the Commons. Internally, the party was split down the middle over Britain’s membership of the European Economic Community, E.E.C. The issue had to go to referendum. The public showed its overwhelming support for Britain’s continued membership with a two thirds majority. By this time, inflation stood at a staggering 23%. The government successfully lowered inflation by a policy of wage restraint to a rate of 7%. However, this brought cracks in the relationship between Labour and the trade unions who wanted wages to move only in one direction, up. To shelter ordinary Britons from this economic storm, the Labour government presided an era of rising pensions coupled with massive subsidies on food items (Lyman 1957). This was aimed at to protecting the tiny incomes that had already been decimated by inflation in the rest of the economy. The government sauntered on and introduced several welfare schemes to protect the extremely poor. Pensions of the disabled were significantly increased, and employment legislation ensured that people could be hired even for a short time. Pregnant women were also granted leave. Workplace inspection was prioritized to prevent workers from hazardous working conditions. Unfair dismissal was also curbed through Industrial Tribunals. While the
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In this paper, the author attempts to analyze both short- and long-term consequences of the 1979 Iranian Revolution on domestic policies of Iran, as well as its international dimensions. It is believed that the consequences of the Iranian Revolution were both long-ranging and short-term, and this research purports to show it.
However, in these days, men are also competing with women not only on almost all beauty products but also on how they look particularly on the face. As a result, men wanted to shave unwanted hair in their face and to have a clear skin.
It is a proven fact that many of the Congressmen are interested in protecting the interests of the business lobby who helped them financially during their election campaigns. It should be noted that the purpose of an institution is to protect the interests of all the people.
Student Number: Unfair Standard Terms in Contract Contract is a pledge which is validly allowed by law. Two parties usually enter into contract for purposes of business. The drawing of such an agreement can only be achieved if the relevant parties involved consent, in which case, one of them basically puts forward an offer and the other accepts.
The North being the stronger of the two in terms of economic and military endowment won the war. The South was destroyed and thus the period that followed was that of Reconstruction which gave hope to the African-Americans of gaining citizenship and equal rights.
Both the Republicans and Democrats are aiming to do two things in the campaign. First mobilize their core supporters, both to vote in numbers and to persuade the neighbors to do the same. Second, win over as many as possible of those voters who consider themselves neither republican nor democrats.
Although this elephant logo signifies strength and force, this is not the party in majority. This party traces its roots back to Abraham Lincoln who was the first republican president. It has since then faced many critical moments of the country's history like the American Civil War and its Reconstruction right up to the challenges faced by America's last president, George W Bush, who is the 19th republican president (Rutland, 1996).
this crucial debate, but the uneasy union survived at least until the election of Abraham Lincoln as president who was against slavery but not abolitionist (Kidwell 2000, 171). This forced the Deep South States to secede calling for Lincoln’s intervention to save the union.
vernment since 1953.1 The Iran Hostage Crisis began when the pro Ayatollah student broke into the US embassy in Iran and took about 66 people hostage. Thirteen hostages were later freed, bringing the number down to 53. Another hostage was later released in 1980 bringing the
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