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Political Theory of Locke and Rousseau - Essay Example

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Opportunity Exercise Shaunte Bowman Western Civilization II P.F. Navage 4/9/2012 Political Theory of Locke and Rousseau Political Theory of Locke Locke is a philosopher, who was most recognized for his political theory and unparallel thinking on political and social arena .His political theory was that, human in his absolute form is peaceful and happy, and has the attribute of tolerance and reasoning in him…
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Political Theory of Locke and Rousseau
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Political Theory of Locke and Rousseau

Download file to see previous pages... According to Rousseau, the development in the field of science and arts led to the destruction of human virtue and morality. This is one statement which led many thinkers to contemplate on in the future theoretical world. This thinking of Rousseau, also bestowed upon him fame and recognition. Rousseau claim is that human beings by nature are virtuous but got corrupted during many historical events. He became a prominent figure in history of philosophy due to his unique contribution emphasizing on natural state of human .According to Rousseau, human beings are good by nature, but the social conventions have corrupted them along the history. In his article (Younkins) writes that “According to Rousseau, in the state of nature, people tended to be isolated, war was absent, and their desires were minimal and circumscribed” Rousseau reestablishes the necessity of a governed body to monitor the social security and needs of human beings. According to him state would have been “class state” with no rights to poor and weak in the absence of Government. The Social Contract” one of his controversial work on political philosophy has raised many debates among his counterparts Age of Enlightenment and Locke The Age of enlightenment is a movement in 18th century where all the intellect raised awareness among societies to reform and adapts oneself to natural and liberal state. In the age of enlightenment, the social and political scenario of central European societies was pathetic, as the power was in the hands of rich and elite. When it comes to Locke and Rousseau, both had prominent role to play in reforming the society. One of the philosophers Locke can be considered as pioneer of “Age of enlightenment” and his book called...
Age of Enlightenment and Rousseau
The theories of Rousseau had a significant role to play in enhancing the “Age of enlightenment”. Like Locke, Rousseau believed and put forward the natural rights of human beings and liberty as ideal principles of society. During, the age of enlightenment, Rousseau along with the other thinkers and philosophers questioned the dominating authority of church and state alike. Rousseau is a thinker, who did not believe in an authority, who need better quality of life than other. According to him, all has the right to live on the earth with equal power and freedom. However the government’s role comes in to play to preserve the rights of the property. When these messages were passed on to the society, people got enraged and a revolution broke out.
Thinkers like Rousseau have had a majestic role to play during the age of enlightenment. Rousseau’s main statement is that human are basically good by nature but the historical and social conventions corrupt them in the long run. This is where the weak and the less able got awakened and a powerful enlightenment movement started. The age of enlightenment put forward the rationality and reasoning as a major force in human -kind, as nature is not self – ordering. This rational based “age of enlightenment “spread to the West from France and ignite awareness among the Americans. This in later times, led to the independence of America. Finally we could analyze that Locke being an advocate of “liberalism” and Rousseau being the pioneer of the “Age of Enlightenment” has contributed invaluably for the social upgrading of human rights and freedom in West So it can be well said that Locke and Rousseau are the cornerstone in political theory and age of enlightenment movement. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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