Instructor Date The Marshall Plan and Communism after World War 2 Section A: Plan of Investigation The following is a historical research paper based on a historical question. This research paper aims at finding appropriate answer to: "How effective was the Marshall Plan in helping Europe rebuild and stand up to Communism after World War 2?…
Download file to see previous pages...
Historical facts are used for purposes of knowledge and understanding of past events to help explaining contemporary and future events. On this basis, research into finding the answers to the above question will add knowledge to historians and other interested stakeholders. In addition, the information obtained will enable historians and other stakeholders in explaining contemporary and future communism. Such facts are provided within the analysis and conclusion of the paper. Section B: Summary of Evidence Communism is the economic and social system where property and resources are collectively owned and controlled by classless society. Marshall Plan (named after Secretary of State George Marshall) was intended to provide aid for fostering reconstruction of economies that had been destroyed by the World War II Between 1948 and 1951, US through the Marshall Plan (European Recovery Program, ERP) pumped money into Western Europe in order to spur redevelopment after the World War II Marshall Plan was based on the dislocation of the entire European economy during the World War II Deteriorating European economies provided vistas for people to come together and own resources and production channels Main intention was to combat the spread of Soviet communism Goals of the Marshall Plan included: Rebuilding devastated region Removal of trade barriers Modernization of industry Making Europe prosperous again after the World War II Marshall’s success kept the Western Europe out of the communist bloc Economic weapons can be used in solving diplomatic problems Section C: Source Evaluation Ambrose, Stephen E. "The Presidency and Foreign Policy." Foreign Affairs 70.5 (1992): 120. In this article, Ambrose identifies some of the foreign policies employed by the US. Foreign policies are usually the guidelines that affect how a given nation interacts with other nations. This resource identifies the fact that Marshall Plan was developed out of the US foreign policies. The article provides the foundation of the plan making the research on the topic easier. Nonetheless, the article does not explicitly describe the Marshall Plan. Bernadette, Whelan. Ireland and the Marshall Plan 1947-1957. Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2000. Print. Bernadette in her book attempts to describe how Ireland benefitted from the Marshal Plan that was in effect between 1947 and 1958. Notably, the book addresses very crucial point in respect to how communism was going to arise within Europe had there been no aid from the US. What’s more, this book attempts to describe how communist bloc was a major concern for the US given that they had just emerged victors in the Second World War. Such information is important in establishing effectiveness of the Marshall Plan in preventing communism within the Western Europe. However, the limitation of the book is that it fails to explicitly provide a description and evaluation of the effects of Marshall Plan on communism in Europe. Burk, Kathleen. "The Marshall Plan: Filling in some of the Blanks." Contemporary European History 10.2 (2001): 267-94. In the journal of Contemporary European History, Burk’s article revolves around the Marshall Plan and how it attempted to reconstruct the European economy. Burk’s article identifies some of the ‘blanks’ that many historians have failed to identified for all this time. For instance, Burk claims
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
(“The Marshall Plan and Communism after World War 2 Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved de https://studentshare.org/history/1446332-the-marshall-plan-and-communism-after-world-war
(The Marshall Plan and Communism After World War 2 Essay)
“The Marshall Plan and Communism After World War 2 Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1446332-the-marshall-plan-and-communism-after-world-war.
The fear of nuclear escalation did not allow the two economies to indulge into an active war therefore; this war is known as Cold War. This war is different from the other wars because it was not an active war and it was fought through propagandas, military clashes, economic clashes and diplomatic bargaining.
Due to the Cold War, international politics changed which resulted in a change in relations among the countries. Foreign policies were changed by many countries during the Cold War era and all these factors had a great influence on the overall global climate.
Communism was promoted by the USSR together with China. The desire for political supremacy between the two groups instigated the war. The target was the countries that had just gained independence. It turned into an economic as well as political war which favored some of the sides.
The foreign policies are based on the perception of each president and are subject to enactment by other president. It is based on the beliefs, objectives and key priorities of the president after taking office. The doctrines target to change or influence how a particular state or region behaves or governed in order to achieve social, economic, and political objective of the entire state, region, continent or the world.
After the Potsdam Conference and the uprising in Greece, several factors were clear that the Soviet leaders were not going to give up their control over the Eastern Europe and the Middle East. This perception of Truman’s Administration about the communist Russia’s expansionist intention played a crucial role in determining the United States’ cold-war policies.
Prior to the period, there were numerous challenges that affected the industry including the higher profit it made, the increasing cost of drugs as well as drug safety problems. The need for reforms were therefore intended to protect the economic interest of both consumers and companies and further boost access to affordable healthcare.
The resolution unanimously condemned (by a 9-0 vote) the North Korean aggression towards South Korea as a “breach of peace” (The National Archives)
After the end of World War II, the U. S foreign policy was focused on ‘containment’ and spread of
Marshall (Thompson 2003). Although the Marshall Plan, otherwise known as the European Recovery Plan (ERP), is one of the most well-received policies of international aid headed and created by the United States, it has not been
This has been the outcome of the “federal devolution of policy responsibilities creating opportunities for some provinces to adopt American social policy ideas (McBride & Mcnutt, 2007, p. 177).”
The inference to be made is that neoliberal policy approaches are
The emergence of superpowers after world war two was among the contributing factors to the cold war. The western block (consisting of the United States of America and other NATO country members against eastern bloc eastern bloc. A neutral block founded by India, Egypt, and Yugoslavia.
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic The Marshall Plan and Communism after World War 2 for FREE!