The paper is disintegrated into two main parts. The first part deals with the background of the conflict describing the causes of the civil war in several contexts like political, economic and social scenario. …
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Libya became an independent state with the enactment of its constitution in 1949 and the crowning of Muhammad Idris as Libya’s first king two years later. The regime of Idris dissolved in 1969 when Col. Muammar Qaddafi suddenly appropriated power-abolishing monarchy by changing the constitution with the establishment of Libyan Arab Republic (Joy, 2011, p.1). A Muslim Nasserite, Qaddafi held strong feelings against the western countries and started various anti west policies such as expelling the western military personnel and Libya being a prime resource of oil Qaddafi cut loose dealings and imposed several restrictions with the western world regarding the dealings in oil industry (Ogunbadejo, 1983). Qaddafi participated in the civil wars in Chad and there was an attempted assassination on him by the US troops. Al Qaida also believed that Qaddafi followed anti Islamic law and tensions aroused in Libya followed by civil wars. The Libyan uprising that started in February 2011 appears to be the most serious challenge faced by Qaddafi in his 42-year-old rule. Thus, it is an intrastate conflict which was internationalized owing to the issues concerned and later peace making attempts (Anderson, 1984; Thackrah, 2008)
Social, political, economic and socio-cultural context
The main centre of conflict culminated in the city of Benghazi located in the eastern Cyrenaican region of Libya following anti-establishment movements. In the past, also there have been conflicts in eastern Libya, which was also the center of rebellions against Ottoman and Italian rule many times. From Benghazi, the revolt spread like fire while Qaddafi ordered his troops to suppress the rebellion and he announced the intention to “fight to the last drop of blood” and also further added that the rebels were “nothing more than Al Qaeda extremists, addled by hallucinogens slipped into their milk and Nescafé”e” (Joy, April, 2011 p.2). Ruler Qaddafi followed an anti American policy, but he contributed greatly for the development of the people of Libya. For instance, he built a magnificent irrigation system in this arid desert land of Libya with an estimated budget of around $40 billion dollars, which provided ample water supply in this arid land. He was also successful in alleviating poverty and helped people attain sustainable standards of living in contrast with the subhuman conditions prevailing in its sub Saharan counterparts like Nigeria, Angola, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea. However, the main agenda behind the culmination of the conflict was that the people of Libya wanted change and were rigorously desperate for achieving fundamental freedom rather than economic or social freedom. Qaddafi himself overthrew the monarchy rule of King Idris in 1969 and established democracy that he failed to apply in his 42-year rule in the country, which he executed like his private business, and this became the centre point for the civil war in Libya (The Libyan conflict in perspective, March 7, 2011). Causes of conflict: Structural causes of conflict and Qaddafis’ domination The root cause of the conflict in Libya can be attributed to the negligence of the civil rights and
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A harmless protest in February 2011 turned into an uprising that led to a conflict. International community intervened, and after months of bombardments by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), as well as ground conflict between the opposition forces and the Gaddafi forces, the Gaddafi government was overthrown.
I would like to write to you on the problem of Eritrean refugees in Libya and Egypt, with a view to achieving a positive solution to that issue. The urgency and potential negative repercussions of hesitating in solving the issue will be all-understandable in the course of the outline I purport to present to you.
I break down my critique on the policies by looking at various parts of the Libyan governmental structure that are affected by the policies put in place. The different sections include Libyans economy, its political structure and the social effect that the country faces in the course of the implications.
As the discussion stresses with respect to the topics that have been raised, this author will first consider the important factors of history and culture as they relate to the newly re-defined state of Libya. Prior to the deposition and murder of the longtime leader, Muammar Gaddafi had ruled Libya for a period of over 40 years.
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From a historical perspective, Reconstruction Era ensued immediately after the American civil war. It covered a period of 12 years from 1865-1877. Civil war took place in the Southern region, and emerged as an armed struggle between the Northern Union and the Southern states.
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As a means to
Also, the steps needed for the successful implementation of the proclamation not only took a very long time before being realized, but also took many lives before it happened.
c. Mixed views by the citizens in the legitimacy