Name Institution Course Instructor Date Is the U.S Winning the Drug War in Latin America? PROS: Yes, the U.S is winning the drug war because of the listed reasons 1. There is government will in both the U.S and the Latin America. 2. The war on drugs has a popular support from the legal, policy analyst, social, and medical groups…
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CON: U.S is losing the drug war in Latin America 1. U.S government has failed to re-evaluate her strategy to fight the drug menace. 2. The war fight largely focuses on the users and therefore leaves the other partners in the trade to thrive well in the trade. 3. There is no concrete drug enforcement mechanism to restrict the production of drugs. 4. The affordability and cheap processing makes it difficulty to wipe drugs out of Latin America. 5. A lot of resistance from human rights organization derails the efforts to do away with the drugs. The U.S will to control drug trafficking and abuse in Latin America confirms that it is very committed to wipe the drugs from these region. To begin with, since 1960s, the government has invested a lot of her efforts and attention to wage war on drug trade in Latin America. Regan and Bush declared war on drugs in U.S and Latin America when they occupied their presidential offices. The Bush successor; Bin Clinton continued with the worth fight on drugs when he came into power in 19931. Since then, the U.S government has been strong on the war on drugs in Latin America. The U.S government recently got a support from Latin countries such as Mexico, Cuba, and Columbia. For instance, president of Mexico, Calderon has been in the forefront to combat drugs in the country2. Since he took office in 2006, he has made leaps towards the drugs war. For example, his government has formulated policies to deal with the consumers and traders of illicit drugs. These efforts have paid handsomely because the consumption of drugs has subsided. Obama’s government is in talks with Latin America Governments. Biden’s trip in 2012 to Latin America shows that the government has given negotiations a favorable chance. Biden was seeking to discuss on how leaders in that region can decriminalize drugs with an aim to stop its trade. Second, the new laws are in formulation stages. Policy analyst have advocated for a change in the current policies to allow U.S to win war on drugs. Arguably, their insights will provide new strategies to curb drugs trafficking in Latin America and U.S. The medical professionals have suggested programs to treat the drug victims. In addition, the social advocates suggests, that creation of awareness about dangers of engaging in drugs is the way to go. All these concerted efforts promise a win in the war on drugs in Latin America3. Third, the debates on drugs have attracted a lot of public interest. The Latin and the U.S population feel that drug consumption is not socially acceptable. They propose tough punishments for the growers, manufacturers, suppliers, and sellers. The public warns of the dangers of permitting drugs to get into the society. They provide a procedure, which can deter the abuse of drugs. The public suggests that, through identification, imprisonment, and persecution, the war can yield fruits4. Moreover, the drug user will be accountable for their actions. Implementation is now happening in the Latin America. This is a huge step towards gaining victory in the drug war. The increase of funds through budgetary allocation to fight drug abuse demonstrates U.S readiness to see the better end of the war. There has been a significant attention on the budget to allocate enough money in the drug war. In 1990, U.S budget on drugs was at $ 9.7 billion. This almost doubled in 2000 when it hit $ 17.7 billion mark. On top of this, the Drug Enforcement Administration department staffed
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A middle-aged truck driver, trying to stay awake until his load delivers, takes a hit of something and feels better. A heroin addict shoots up in a dark alley. A couple of giggling 12 year olds smoke a joint. One thing all have in common, although they do not know it, is blood on their hands from unthinkable atrocities in Mexico, Colombia, Brazil and elsewhere.
According to Saah (2005), drug abuse rates high among the contemporary society’s social concerns. It is a challenge that continues to initiate debates from different professionals including health experts and security authorities. The implications of drug abuse on the society present a multiplicity of direct and indirect concerns.
The United States fear of communist dominance has a direct bearing on the policy they adopted towards Latin American countries. The Truman policy was directly responsible for establishing the Cold War, and then the focus of the policy was the prevention of the rise of Communism.
It is rightly argued that an honest American quest to oust the European colonial powers for the better political future of the Latin people was made, but unfortunately it later turned out into the strengthening of its own strategic interests in the region.
While much analysis has been made on the US Security policy in Middle Eastern terrorism, scant attention has been given to its policy with regard to Latin America.
The BBC, the world's largest broadcasting corporation, ran a series on Latin America early this year.
The term “War on Drugs” became particularly popular during Richard Nixon’s presidential period, especially after his special message to the Congress in 1971 during which he tagged drug abuse as American public’s “enemy number one”.
The United States of America moved to Latin America due to geopolitical and economic factors and it’s the same factors influenced the communist states to move from their countries to Latin America. In the end, others like the Soviets also felt the need for the Latin America.
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