The Arab Spring is a movement of protestors in the Arab world, which began on December 2010. The revolutionary protests have forced four leaders from different countries out of power. These countries are Yemen, Tunisia, Libya and Egypt. …
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These countries are Yemen, Tunisia, Libya and Egypt. These protests have shared methods of civil resistance in campaigns involving demonstrations, rallies, marches, strikes, and use of the social media. The Arab spring protestors comprise of youths (Mair, 45). Most demonstrations of the Arab Spring have met violent responses from the authorities in power and counter-demonstrators. Arab Spring protestors desired to bring down regimes of corruption and dictatorship so as to build regimes of democracy that are corruption free (Manhire, 23). This assignment will discuss whether the Arab Spring protestors will bring democracy to the Middle East through looking at the pros and cons of the protests. Pros of the Protests The protests have helped in clarification of what Middle East scholars have discovered about principal political schism in the Middle East. The protests have made the voice of the mass, which was irrelevant before, vital in the state politics. The leaders of the protests comprise of young, skilled individuals, who appreciate the use of technology and social media in conveyance of messages and arrangement of rallies. The protestors involved in the protests and demonstrations use relevantly little violence to make their demands heard by those in power (Pollack, 89). Bringing down of at least four dictatorship political governments has adhered to their policy of bringing down regimes and promoting democracy, which can be emulated by the counter-demonstrators. Cons of the Protests There is uncertainty about the extent to which these protests will continue, spread or be sustained in the Middle East countries. Youths lead the protests and although they are pushing for democracy, youth movements are void of organization leadership and policy platforms which will continue to press their agenda. The protests have had profound impacts on the political settlements in assorted nations of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region but they have failed in bringing out any key change in the regional power structures (Prashad, 87). Formulation and lack of economic reforms are considerable challenges to the group; given their agenda of bringing down regimes. The protests pose a new security challenge to the region; the threat of sectarian conflicts remains at large in the region. The protests have assisted in clarifying what the Middle East scholars have understood for a remarkably long time. According to the scholars, the principal political schism in the Middle East is not between the Anti-Western and Pro-Western forces or between Arabs and Jews but it is the vast gulf which separates authoritarian regimes from the people that they rule. Hence, the protests have promoted this understanding to all nations. Initially, the voice of the people in the Middle East region did not matter in the western policy, but with the protests, the voice of the people can now be listened to by the policy makers. Although the voice seemed too fractured and politically immature, it has become relevant through the protests, which is an indication of democracy. The skillful, youth leaders who lead the protests appreciate the use of collective media and expertise in their communication. Use of the social media and technology helps in reaching a vast number of people within a remarkably short time. This helps the protestors in informing and educating the mass on the need to have these protests, in gaining democracy. Through these communication tools, the protestors can organize individuals to fight for democracy within a short time. The protests involve the use of relatively little violence. Through the protestors using relatively less violence, they show a high level of maturity for fighting corrupt and dictatorial regimes. This increases
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The essay discusses the 2011 Arab Spring, a series of revolutions throughout the Arab world, and its implication for international relations. The role of Islamic sectarianism in the outbreak of these revolutions is examined. Particular emphasis is given to the revolt in Egypt, where conservative religious groups such as the Muslim Brotherhood retain great power.
He begins his essay emphatically by stating “The day Islam gave a new concept of values and standards to mankind and showed the way to learn these values and standards, it also provided it with a new concept of human relationships. Islam came to return man to his Sustainer and to make is guidance the only source from which values and standards are to be obtained, as He is the Provider and Originator.
Durac is of the opinion that long-standing regime of Ali Abdullah al-Salih of Yemen represented a classic case of authoritarian upgrading. The Yemen’s political system masked the extent to which the president exerted control through a network of informal alliances and, in recent years, external support and patronage.
The on-going phenomenon of Arab Spring is also popularly known as ‘Arab Awakening’. The revolution was instigated in Tunisia on 18th December 2010 on the basis of repeated police assault charges which were further accused to hamper the democratic interests of the community.
Ridgeon (2003) on his part stated that Islamic teachings have been able to instill high level of discipline among Muslims, and as part of Islamic traditions, parents are forced to ensure that these teachings are transferred to their children right from a younger age when they attend regular classes.
Associated events outside the Arab World comprise of clashes in Israel, 2011, and protests in Iranian Khuzestan in April, 2011 by Arab minorities. The sectarian conflicts in Lebanon were explained as a spill out violence of the Syrian demonstrations, and; therefore, the regional Middle East demonstrations.
He was rushed to a hospital and would survive for the next few days before finally succumbing to his injuries. At first, his regrettable actions appeared to be the simply the misguided act of a frustrated fruit seller. However, once the news of his actions spread in the town of Sidi Bouzid, there were riots that were seen to be a sympathetic act from fellow frustrated and jobless Tunisians.
The ISIS’s (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria) transformation into IS (Islamic State) in 2014 affected the international relations of the Middle East by resulting in political and military imbalance in the region and by affiliating IS to the global network of religious terrorist organizations.
Notably, the nations under Middle East region are very poor, including the least developed nations like Gaza and Yemen. However, the countries like United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Qatar are recognized as the two extreme wealthy nations in the modern era. The prime
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