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Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement in Peruvian History - Essay Example

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Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement in Peruvian History Name: Course: Tutor: Date: Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement in Peruvian History The “Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement” in Peru is a turning point of Peru in the 20th century. A Marxist group (active from 1980s to 1997) leads the movement in the national conflict in Peru headed by Victor Polay Campos…
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Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement in Peruvian History
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Download file to see previous pages Its impact also exceeded the Peruvian border. Indeed the Cuban Revolution was one of the direct consequences of the Tupac Amaru. Victor Polay and Nestor Cerpa Cartolini: Victor Polay Campos is the founder of Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement (MRTA) in 1983 and is the leader of the group military Tribunal in 1989. He appears to keep hold of a position of his family say that Campos, fluent in Spanish, French and also Basque. He gets sentenced several times but last for 32 years prison on March 21st, 2006. ‘Campos’ is the son of victor Polay- Risco, the founder of Peruvian Aprista party and is the son of a half Chinese comes in Peru to work in the sugarcane plantations. Nestor Cepra Cartolini: (born in 14, August, 1953 Lima) in a working class district of La Victoria. He becomes the leader of the Peruvian Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement (MRTA). As a union leader in the 1970s, involves in the invasion by workers of the Cromotex Textile factory in December 1978. In the early 1980s, becomes involved with the nascent MRTA and comes to the leader position of the San Martin Zone Committee in haste and after that to the national leadership of MRTA. Origin of Amaru Revolutionary Movement The MRTA originates from the amalgamation of the “Marxist-Leninist Revolutionary Socialist Party” and the militant section of the “Revolutionary Left Movement” in 1980. A number of former members of the Peruvian Army participate in the leftist “Government of the Juan Velasco Alvarado” (1968-1975). Whereas the “Marxist-Leninist Revolutionary Socialist Party” rose from a legal political background, the “Revolutionary Left Movement” was a faction of the “Revolutionary Left Movement”, a Castroist guerrilla group which suffered a sheer defeat in 1965. The MRTA attempts to bring other leftist movements on a unified platform, following the first autonomous elections in Peru after the military regime of Juan Velasco Alvarado (1968–1980). Operations of Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement: The first operation of the Tupac Amaru Activists occurs on 31 May, 1982. In the operation , five members of the organization under the leadershp of Victor Polay Campos and Jorge Talledo Feria robbed a bank in La. Both Victor Campos and Jorge Talledo were the members of the Central committee of the organization. In the operation, for the time, the movement lost its member Talledo. Peru’s counterterrorist agenda diminish the strength of the group to carry out more operation and through the passage of time, the organization suffers from internal clashes as well as aggressive clashes with other Maoist rival, the imprisonment or the pass away of the senior leaders and loss of leftist support in 2001. The fighters of the organization led an attack on the town of Jean located in the northern part of Cajamarca on 6 July 1992. After a severe shootout, they were driven out of the town and a police man named Eladio Garcia died in the firefight. In its final but the most violent operation, Fourteen armed Activists of the Tupac Amaru Movement took up the Japanese Ambassador’s abode in Lima and held 72 “hostages for more than four months”. In December, 1996, the last major action of the Tupac Amaru guerrillas ended unsuccessfully with the death of Nestor Cerpa Cartolini, the second Commander ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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