Name Professor Module Date To what extent was Truman’s decision to drop the Atomic Bombs on Japan in World War II justified? A: Plan of Investigation Before August 6 1945, atomic bombs had never been used in war, and no one had an idea of the magnitude of their destructive capability…
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The first atomic bomb was dropped over Hiroshima by a B-29 war craft on august 6 1945, resulting in the destruction of the city and instant deaths of over 90,000 people. It is still not clear why japan hesitated in surrendering after the damage and carnage in Hiroshima as the Truman administration did not give them much time to respond. On august 9 1945, the second atomic bomb was dropped over Nagasaki, a secondary target, to avoid poor visibility due to bad weather in Kokura, the primary target. The bombing of Nagasaki resulted in over 60,000 instant deaths. The Truman administration was planning on further attacks, but japan surrendered 5 days after Nagasaki bombing. These actions exposed Truman to sharp criticism, with many people referring to the bombings as barbaric. The main aim of this report is to use various primary and secondary sources to determine the level to which Truman’s actions were justified. Primary sources include official documents, eyewitness accounts and excerpts from harry Truman’s speeches and diaries, and secondary sources include textbooks and journal articles supporting or opposing Truman’s actions. ...
In any case, the American public was getting weary of war and Truman wanted to conclude it to prevent the countless deaths that were happening at the hands of the Japanese2. In addition, Truman was not enjoying the public perception that he was too soft on the Japanese3. Russia had the intentions of taking over the Japanese territory and something had to be done about it; and Truman figured that the United States had to show its power to the world to prevent the Soviet Union from emerging as the world’s super power4. Truman thought that if Russia gained any more power than it had, then it would resort to enforcement, spread and strengthening of communism5. The atomic bombs seemed to be the ideal tool to show America's superiority over the Soviet Union; and Truman showed the Soviet Union that he had the bombs and was ready to use them6. Japan only acted as a demonstration board since the United States was neither in good terms with japan, nor with the soviet union. However, Truman did not expect to cause deaths of innocent civilians, in fact, he believed that the two cities he ordered bombed were military bases7. In addition, Japan, USSR, and Germany were developing nuclear weapons; it was only a matter of the country that could use theirs first, which was mainly the reason why the United States joined hands with Canada and United Kingdom to pursue the Manhattan project8. To avoid the possibility of a nuclear war, Truman decided to use the means at his disposal to instill fear to the other countries developing the weapons. The other reason cited for Truman's use of the atomic bombs was to end the war as quickly as possible so that he could save countless of lives, including American9, Japanese, and
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US Dropping of Two Atomic Bombs on Japan
The bombings led to devastating momentous and long lasting negative effects both on the people and the environment.
Over time, there have been serious debates as to whether the US was justified to drop the two bombs in Japan and whether the Potsdam Declaration was intended to be acceptable without the use of nuclear weapons.
Most of the Americans accepted the decision because of one basic reasoning that the atomic bombings brought the war to a timely end. However over the later years many begun to question the conventional wisdom that Truman was saving lives (Oh 2000). This paper supports the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombing and will give detailed reasons for this.
Takaki explores the motivation behind the bombings in the context of race and the moral dimension of the act and extracts evidence from top-secret military reports, letters and diaries. The Most Controversial Decision: Truman, the Atomic Bombs, and the Defeat of Japan by Wilson D.
US Drop the Atomic Bombs on Japan to put an Immediate End to the War
Japan was ready to die for victory, the national slogan in Japan at the time of nuclear bombing was; “One hundred million will die for the Emperor and Nation” (Jowett & Andrew, 2002).
According to Truman he made this decision to save the lives of thousands and thousands of American men by forcing Japan to surrender. Although debates run high even after six decades concerning the use of nuclear weapons that killed and mutilated millions of Japanese, the outcome was what the Americans wanted which is the end of WWII.
Truman's conversations about the bomb were not about society's expectations, but rather on the post conventional thought that dealt with "...the effects of the use of the bomb, not [...] whether it ought to be used".1 The decision to use atomic bombs against Japan was influenced by several factors that are relevant to Kohlberg's stage 5 on the moral development scale.
After six months of intense fire-bombing of 67 other Japanese cities, the nuclear bomb “Little Boy” was dropped on the city of Hiroshima on Monday 6th August, 1945, which was duly followed on August 9th by the detonation of the “Fat Man” nuclear bomb over Nagasaki.
have allowed the one concession Japan requested, to retain its emperor as head of state, and avoided the catastrophic destruction of predominantly civilian inhabited targets?
On August 6, 1945 an atomic blast leveled more than half of Hiroshima. Seventy
Walker (2008, p. 1) points towards the fact that even without the use of atomic bombs, the number of deaths and casualties would not have been much less. For example, American citizens and soldiers were fed up with the four-year long war but the Japanese leadership was
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