The Atomic bombing of the two Japanese cities Hiroshima and Nagasaki is an event surrounded by controversy till date. The decision was taken by the then American President Harry Truman in order to destroy Japan’s power to continue the war. …
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produced and finally in the early morning of July 16, 1945, the first successful testing of an Atomic bomb was conducted at the Trinity test site at Alamogordo, New Mexico. During this time, the allied forces had already captured Germany, but Japan continued to fight the war even with the clear indication of their little chance of winning. It was estimated that in the period between mid-April to mid-July in 1945 Japan displayed ferocity by killing massive number of allied forces. The Japanese government even rejected the proposal made in Potsdam Declaration that proposed the Japanese armed forces to surrender or else face “prompt and utter destruction” (The bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki). Truman believed that the destruction caused by the Atomic bomb in the Japanese cities would place America in a formidable position amongst the other powerful nations of the world. Controversies President Truman experienced many dilemmas that influenced his decision to drop the Atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Within two weeks of becoming president, he received a full report on the developmental process of the most expensive war material which stated it as “the most terrible weapon ever known in human history” (Hamby, 18). On 8th May 1945, after Germany surrendered, it was still necessary to defeat the Japanese. Truman’s decision was highly influenced by his past experience of being a combat artillery in the WWI. During that phase he developed a perspective of Japanese fanaticism, and also as American President he wanted to exhibit his diplomatic power by solving the existing difficulties with Soviet Union which was not yet at war with Japan. Many scholars in response to the utter calamity caused by the Atomic bombs professed that Truman deliberately killed and...
Japan was always a losing side since the nation’s military power was in no way a match for the U.S. military power. Moreover, by August 1995 fatigue had set in and it was highly possible that the Japanese would surrender by the end of the year. Moreover, I feel the first Atomic bomb could be dropped anywhere near the harbor if the intention was only to scare the Japanese and force them to surrender. Also, I feel the Potsdam Declaration should have been modified, and instead of ordering the Japanese to surrender unconditionally they should have given the chance to say something. There is also the fact that the bomb was dropped on two cities which resulted in deaths of more civilians than soldiers. Finally, the major reason why I cannot support Truman’s decision is that many Japanese people are still suffering from diseases that occurred from the bomb’s radiation. On such grounds which include both political and moral issues, it was an unjustified act by President Truman.
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US Dropping of Two Atomic Bombs on Japan
The bombings led to devastating momentous and long lasting negative effects both on the people and the environment.
Over time, there have been serious debates as to whether the US was justified to drop the two bombs in Japan and whether the Potsdam Declaration was intended to be acceptable without the use of nuclear weapons.
Takaki explores the motivation behind the bombings in the context of race and the moral dimension of the act and extracts evidence from top-secret military reports, letters and diaries. The Most Controversial Decision: Truman, the Atomic Bombs, and the Defeat of Japan by Wilson D.
President Truman was the first person to authorize their use following Japan's hesitation in surrendering; japan had rejected the United States’ terms of surrender. The Japanese wanted to retain emperor Hirohito, and retain their ability to wage war, as opposed to the United States requirement that required surrender of the emperor, and denied japan its ability to participate in any form of military combat.
US Drop the Atomic Bombs on Japan to put an Immediate End to the War
Japan was ready to die for victory, the national slogan in Japan at the time of nuclear bombing was; “One hundred million will die for the Emperor and Nation” (Jowett & Andrew, 2002).
Truman's conversations about the bomb were not about society's expectations, but rather on the post conventional thought that dealt with "...the effects of the use of the bomb, not [...] whether it ought to be used".1 The decision to use atomic bombs against Japan was influenced by several factors that are relevant to Kohlberg's stage 5 on the moral development scale.
have allowed the one concession Japan requested, to retain its emperor as head of state, and avoided the catastrophic destruction of predominantly civilian inhabited targets?
On August 6, 1945 an atomic blast leveled more than half of Hiroshima. Seventy
As a result, the alternatives would not have avoided deaths. The alternatives would also prolong the war thus making it rather uneconomical. Therefore, according to Stimson the alternative to using the atomic bomb were
To begin with, bombing on Nagasaki and Hiroshima for any reasons is not justified. No matter the debate has been prevalent since 1945, but the perpetual radioactive poisoning of the land cannot be compensated by any other act by
Walker (2008, p. 1) points towards the fact that even without the use of atomic bombs, the number of deaths and casualties would not have been much less. For example, American citizens and soldiers were fed up with the four-year long war but the Japanese leadership was
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