This study will let you know about the civil war in El Salvador and about the role of the USA who support the Salvadoran government by holding the proposition. During the civil war, El Salvador had exhausted but the government obtained financial and military support from the US…
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Extract of sample "Civil War in El Salvador Central America"
El Salvador’s conflict between the rich and the poor has existed for over a century. In the late 1880s, coffee became a major cash crop for El Salvador and was a major contributor to the country’s income. In fact, the available data indicate that coffee brought in over 90% of the country’s income. Unfortunately, this wealth was characterized by great inequality as it was only confined within only 2% of the country’s population (Kane, 2002). As a result of this huge inequality, tensions between the classes grew; pitting the rich against the poor. Due to the increased tension and perceived adverse inequality on the part of the poor in the country, Central American Socialist Party was formed by Augustin Farabundo Marti in 1932 with the aim of addressing this major issue; the party led indigenous people and peasants against the government perceived to only serve the interests of the rich.
Kane (2002) explains that in responding to the formation of this party, the government supported military squads which killed any person supporting the uprising. The killing was later called ‘La Matanza’, meaning ‘The Massacre’, where it is estimated that over 30, 000 people were killed. Also, Marti was captured and put to death. This scenario led to the continuation of the struggle through the 1970s as both sides fought in a seemingly endless series of coups and assassinations. The presence of guerrillas led to the reinstatement of the death squads who were ordered to combat them. The government was overthrown by the military junta in 1979 (Kane, 2002). After overthrowing the government, the Junta made promises to improve the living standards in the country. However, the Junta failed terribly on delivering its promises and discontent grew. This discontent provoked the main guerrilla groups in El Salvador to unite under the Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN) (Kane, 2002). The preceding events eventually led to the official start of El Salvador’s civil war in 1980. The start and continuation of the war saw the government supporting any person who was suspected of supporting economic and social reforms. Kane (2002) notes, the victims of these government- supported military activities were mostly the clergy, university officials, independent farmers, and the unionists. In the ensuing battle which lasted for about twelve years, perishing of thousands of victims was witnessed. As noted, the civil war led to the death of many people, particularly the victims who targeted such as the clergy and the unionists. The most notable deaths in this war were Archbishop Oscar Romero who was shot in 1980 and the four US church workers who were raped and murdered (Kane, 2002). It should be noted that both the government and the FMLN committed acts that led to murder and destruction of property. Kane (2002) says whereas the military were killing the alleged rebels, the FMLN were cutting power lines, destroying coffee plantations, blowing up bridges, and doing anything that damaged the government’s economic stability. Apart from that, they kidnapped and murdered government officials. As the civil war was progressing, the strategies and equipments being used were advanced as well. It is noteworthy that the war persisted despite efforts that were being made by both sides to bring it to the end. This scenario is attributed to the argument that FMLN refused to participate in presidential elections because they thought that the election results will in favour of the right- wing parties (Kane, 2002). Also, refusal by the government to attend peace talks organized by the FMLN further contributed to this scenario. There is an argument by most people that the civil war in El Salvador would not have lasted that long without United States’ support. They argue that during the civil war, El Salvador had exhausted its resources but the government obtained financial
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The American civil war occurred due to many social and economic differences between the North and the South. The South relying on cotton and slavery had a financial system supported by cash crops. There were no industries and factories in the South to produce weapons and bombs, their railroads were not organized therefore they could not move their foodstuff, armaments and men rapidly over elongated distances.
The subject – which is life, seems not to coincide with the object – Solomon if you would look at it from an earthly perspective. The word “meaningless” that was mentioned 35 times encapsulated the message of Qoheleth. Reading closely Ecclesiastes reveals that the author does not share the sentiments of Job’s friends.
Gangs in operating in several countries are associated with money laundering, human trafficking, drugs and the key driver of the emergence of such gangs is getting rid of poverty. Transnational gangs started having influence after the El Salvador civil war in the 1990s (National Institute of Justice, 2013).
Homicides and other violent crimes like intra-familiar violence, robbery, extortion and kidnappings are some of the crimes associated with the gang violence (USAID/LAC/CAM 1). Question two: effect of poverty affected El-Salvador There is high income inequality in El Salvador.
antage point some seventy years after the war, thirty years after Franco’s death, and fifteen years after the collapse of the communist government in Moscow.
We need to consider several factors to give an answer that will do justice to our question. What was the nature of
Once the commission conducted its research and published the report the National Guard and other governmental military bodies were found to be guilty of indulging in war crimes. The report found out that the Salvadoran government under the auspices of the United States used torture and terror tactics to bring about the fall of the rebels.
The researcher states that consistently ranked with one of the highest per capita murder rates in the entire world, El Salvador continues to suffer from the impacts of the violent struggle between gangs and the police for supremacy and control over the highly lucrative drug trade; much of which originates in South America.
volve around the evolution of plantation as a production system which leaned toward production for export purposes and in particular, the production of sugar cotton and coffee. . (Maxwell, Daniel G., John W. Parker, and Heather C. Stobaugh, 69) Such kind of production relies on
The current legal framework, according to activists and lobbyists, is not sufficient to protect human rights. Reports of human rights abuses have featured various incidents in which the government failed to act appropriately to address the emerging issues of sectarian violence and police brutality (Pier 101).
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