This paper “The Cold War and U.S. Diplomacy” is all about the famous President Truman and the declaration he made at this point in time. A situation that required US diplomatic efforts was when he tried to formulate a forum instead of the futile League of Nations…
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This era of panic is termed as the Cold War. This paper is all about the famous President Truman and the declaration he made at this point in time. A situation that required US diplomatic efforts during President Truman’s time was when he tried to formulate a forum instead of the futile League of Nations. The new venture, United Nations Organization, aimed at dissolving the differences between nations without allowing them to lead to devastating wars. As the legacy of the League of Nations was criticized, the formation of a powerful and unbiased agency was a herculean task. Undoubtedly, its main intention was to gain a significant role for Americans in the international life, and he succeeded in its making to a great extent. However, there were a number of roadblocks amidst. The major barrier to the formation of the UN came from the Soviet Union as they were reluctant to join it. At this juncture, ( ac cited in American president: A reference resource),Truman managed to ensure their participation in the founding conference of United Nations Organization in San Francisco by sending a special emissary Harry Hopkins to Moscow. However, the San Francisco Conference ended in June 1945 after most of its participating nations, including the Soviet Union, signed the founding U.N. Charter. If Truman had not intervened with his diplomacy, the formation of UN would have been delayed (American president: A reference resource). The diplomatic doctrine that Mr. President followed was that United States would provide political, economic, and military service to all democratic nations which were under the threat of external or internal authoritarian forces. Evidently, the president indirectly mentioned the threat of communist countries especially from the Soviet Union to the democratic and capitalist countries in the Eastern Europe. He made this doctrine lucid in a speech delivered before the joint session of Congress on March 12, 1947. The immediate reason for this speech was the declaration by the British government that it would no longer help the Greek government in its civil war against the Greek communist party by providing military and economic assistance. In his speech, Truman urged the Congress to support the Greek government against the communists. For, the US believed that Soviet Union had been supporting the Greek communist party, and unfortunately if the communist party won the war, the Soviet Union would ultimately influence the policies of the Greek. America never wanted the communist party to flourish posing a threat to capitalism and imperialism. Truman (as cited in The Truman doctrine 1947) believed that proliferation of communist party will be a serious threat to the US; and as the relationship between the US and Soviet Union had been worsening, America viewed the Soviet intervention in Greek and Turkish affairs with suspicion. The withdrawal of Britain from providing assistance to Greece made the declaration of Truman’s diplomatic doctrine imminent. To many, Truman’s doctrine may seem wise political manipulation to keep U.S. rivals far off. But to some extent, it could put forth some effects on the US and other countries as well. One of the major demerits of the communist form of government that the world witnessed was that the rulers went totalitarians once they got into power.
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Carter’s response and application of his doctrine in the form of actions he took to support his claims are discussed in detail. The paper also assesses the effects of his diplomatic efforts on US and other countries as well. Keywords: Cold War, USSR invasion, Carter doctrine The Cold War and U.S Diplomacy Introduction At the end of World War II, USSR and US were the two superpowers.
In addition to this, he also played a major role in several foreign policies which made him a bit controversial (Kennedy & Sedgwick, 2006). It was common knowledge that Kennedy did not support communism. For this reason, he permitted the CIA to invade Cuba (Presidentprofiles.com, 2013).
The researcher states that following the ending of the World War II, the U.S. and the Soviet Union surfaced in a tight bipolar clash. It is added that in 1947, the Cold War began when the U.S. overtly stated its resistance to Soviet expansion. Nonetheless, as the 1960s drew near, it became obvious that the impacts of these powers were diminishing.
The overall objective of the U.S foreign policy was to stop communism and did not change noticeably from one doctrine to another. Only the costs and the intensity changed. Although a number of doctrines were articulated, they are just variations on the prime “containment” policy or the Truman Doctrine.
U.S and Soviet Union. This implies that Kennedy had quite a challenging role to play in this context, especially with regard to the foreign policy. During his time as President, Kennedy had to face many intense situations where the world was on the verge of another world war, but owing much to the diplomatic skills of Kennedy, the situation was taken control of and issue was resolved (Reeves 1993).
Though they had been allies against the Fascist powers during the war, Stalin and the Soviet Union soon emerged as a threat to the greatest freedom that the United States held dear: democracy. In preaching communist values, Joseph Stalin represented a threat to not only the freedom of Americans, but also to the rest of the world.
It is vital to mote that the globe was also experiencing conflicts on every bend as nuclear terrors were threatening from numerous states. As the president of USA, Nixon had the task to make sure world tranquility and counteract the nuclear threat.
It was with this understanding of this scenario that President Truman of USA and his experts identified that the US had to become engaged. And it was from this understanding that the Truman Doctrine was made. So, in 1947 President Truman released a Presidential pronouncement presenting immediate cost-effective and army aid to Greece, experienced by Communist insurrection, and to Turkey, under stress from Communist development in the Mediterranean Sea and beyond and beyond position.
The author states that American policy after the Truman declaration was always in favor of Turkey. As America never wanted the Soviet Union to grow bigger than it and the communist party to spread to other parts of the world, it decided to support Turkey. American foreign policy was thus aimed at promoting democracy.
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