The Second World War was one of the major conflicts in the history of humanity. With the military and political involvement of hundreds of countries and governments, WWII changed the course of the international and global history…
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The Axis Powers were formed on the basis of three countries – Germany, Italy, and Japan. The powers later expanded to include the states that fell victims to fascist violence and surrendered themselves to the military superiority of the Axis Powers. Reasons behind the creation of the Axis Powers were numerous, but the most important was the desire of Germany, Italy and Japan to expand their territorial possessions. The territorial ambitions of the Axis states had been explicit even before the beginning of WWII, and the creation of the Axis Powers made it easier for Germany, Italy and Japan to expand their territorial presence in Europe and beyond. The Second World War is fairly considered as one of the most complicated military conflicts in the history of humanity. Just a hundred years after Karl von Clausewitz created his landmark paper on strategic planning in military operations, the entire world engaged in one of the most terrible and destructive military conflicts.1 Before World War II, all military conflicts, including international ones, had been fairly simple: one country would attack another one, defeat or retreat it to occupy a new position.2 During the Second World War, even the simplest things became extremely complicated, and the creation of the Axis Powers reflected the discussed complexity. The formation of the Axis Powers marked a new stage in the development of the international military conflict and had the goal of fulfilling the desires and ambitions of its members. During WWII, enemies fought as members of one of the two alliances: the Allies and the Axis. The Axis Powers based on Germany, Italy, and Japan.3 German hegemony within the Axis Powers was undeniable; Italy and Japan followed German orders without any opposition. Simultaneously, the Axis Powers were formed in ways that distributed the weight of political and military influence among its members: while Germany controlled most of continental Europe, Italy controlled the Mediterranean Sea and Japan was given the fullest control over the Pacific and East Asia.4 Apparently, territorial ambitions were the main reason why Italy and Japan joined the Axis Powers. The latter also had the goal of destroying the communist regime and weakening the unprecedented political and military strength of the Soviet Union.5 However, territorial expansion was still the major element of cooperation uniting Germany, Italy, and Japan. The Axis Powers fought hard to expand their territorial presence and create several large empires, based on conquering other states and overthrowing their political regimes.6 Among the Allies, the Axis Powers were considered as states that exhausted all honorable means to create peace and were willing to bargain even for a half of the loaf when they could not get the whole – this is what Mr. Myron Taylor said upon his visit to Rome in 1942.7 It should be noted, that the territorial ambitions of the Axis Powers had become visible even before the beginning of the Second World War. On November 1, 1936, Italy and Germany formed a Rome-Berlin Axis with the interest of destabilizing the peace and order in continental Europe.8 The Rome-Berlin Axis relied on friendship between the two countries and exemplified a productive attempt to expand the power of influence on other states in Europe and beyond. Just a month later, Japan and Germany signed the Anti-Comintern Pact against the Soviet Union; the Pact was joined by Italy on November 6, 1937.9 By the end of 1938, the territorial a
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According to the paper the events have left marks in many people’s lives; however, some of the end-results have been worthwhile. Intended goals were achieved and not everything was in vain. The aim of this paper is to take the reader through various significant events, what caused them, who caused them, how goals were achieved, and lastly how they positively and negatively affected the world.
The world politics is dominated by struggle for power between states each trying to maximise its national interest through balance of power mechanisms (Baylis et al. 2008). According to this realism view, war is a natural condition of world politics. To balance power, states are involved in bargaining and forming alliances that would ensure one state does not dominate the others.
Japan, Germany, and Italy, after the World War I was so anxious to recuperate their powers, this led to dictatorship and the need to expand boundaries without considering their neighbors. The League of Nations faced a lot of difficulty to stop the second Sino-Japanese war, which was witnessed in 1931 because of its weakness leading to violation of treaties and agreement.
Introduction World War I and USA –War against Germany In World War I the major players or the countries who participated were the Axis and the Allied powers. The Allies side mainly comprised of the United States and Great Britain along with countries like France, China, and Canada with many countries joining later.
To be devoted towards one’s country is admirable and yet the drawbacks of patriotism can be seen in the U.S. history. The concept of Manifest Destiny was a result of mass patriotism that led to military and economic invasion of Central and South America.
From this research it is clear that before the World War II took place the economy of Pacific Coastal regions specifically California was experiencing double digits of unemployment rate, during the war a huge number of people shifted to California in search of employment and they gained employment in military related industry, especially aircraft and warship manufacturing industries.
Out of all the wars which took place in this century, the Second World War is considered to be the only occasion where one side of the conflict could be justified as following the criteria required for fighting a 'Just war'. The World war two was a global war of all the major military nations including the super powers.
He was a member of the Delta Upsilon Fraternity, as was his father. While at Cornell, Vonnegut enlisted in the U.S. Army. The Army transferred him to the Carnegie Institute of Technology and the University of Tennessee to study mechanical engineering. On Mothers' Day in 1944, his mother committed suicide with sleeping pills.
r was fought during the years 1939 to 1945 and the combatants were the Allied Powers consisting of Britain, France, Russia and the United States on one side against the Axis Powers of Japan, Germany and Italy on the other. After an uneasy peace since the First World War, the