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Marxism and Durkheim Theory - Essay Example

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Name Instructor Task Date Marxism and Durkheim Theory Introduction There existed numerous noticeable changes in the industrial era to counter the functionality of tasks during the pre-industrial era. There was a realized slow development rate in the pre-industrial society that limited its development and general completion of duties that bettered individual’s lifestyle…
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Marxism and Durkheim Theory
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Download file to see previous pages There was a realized increase in loses because there existed poor agricultural techniques and storage method that could have preserved the yields experienced in the farms. Another attribute of this system was a minimal realization of the social classes within the society and most individuals experienced similar or less development. Individuals struggled to develop their livelihood in this society as a comfortable life led sought to revolve around agriculture and less on technology. Rural societies embraced this format of societal functioning and worked on improving the general family yield to support individual development. With the emergence of new technologies and a need to accelerate development especially in trade patterns, towns developed into trading centers. Here, knowledge and skills needed to control the general development impacted people’s creativity and agility in development. These impairments sought to the development of the industrial society where advanced adjustments were created to tackle problems that hindered productivity and development (Lee, 1982, 115). The industrial society was driven by technological advancements that improved productivity and supported more individuals who had then started specializing in various development sectors. Satisfaction in production was channeled from family basis to an industrial level that boosted overall development in societal technology and production. With the development of industries, labor force in the industries was boosted to accommodate required changes sufficient to support the growing economy. Industrialized societies brought much competition within individual and companies as urbanization took shape to improve the lifestyles that had been created by the capitalists. My essay dwells on two theories that may relate to these developments in the society in the struggle for development, Marxism and Durkheim’s theory. Marxism In this theory, Karl Marx believes that all the components of the universe are natural and are based on nature’s law basing his theory in philosophical materialism. This theory disputes the presence of supernatural composition of the environments believing that all constituents are tangible and can be altered (Biorseth, 2009). Marx and Engels who invented Marxism generated the theory commonly known as dialectical materialism merging these two concepts to explain their resolve in the identification of the universal components to be materialistic (Marx, 1998, 68). They further stress on facts proving that there is continued evolution in the natural components and boundaries crated by people are virtual They further believe that the world consists of various elements that are all related and dependent. A change in one entity may result in an alteration in the other and all restrictions are majorly created by the human imagination limiting freedom. According to Marx and Engels, science is greatly applied in the quest to solve mysteries impacting major revelations in obtaining explanation to difficult questions presented by nature (Jonathan, 2011). In Metaphysical type of materialism, Marx states that the type of idea or resolve within a particular individual is influenced by his brain components without stressing on anything else. In his work, Marx explained the development of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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