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History and Political Science - Essay Example

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History and Political Science Name: Course: Tutor: Date: Many military and political leaders during the interwar era believed that a single body, which should act as the only source of authority over the whole population, should head any nation or territory…
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Download file to see previous pages They believed that the subjects under any rule were supposed to be controlled. These subjects were allowed little freedom in terms of actions or expressions1. The military leaders and capitalists believed that if people were given freedom of action and expression, they would exploit the chances in the pursuit of their self-interests. This would compromise the issue of national security and would result in disloyalty to the leaders. The military rulers were convinced that a society could fall into an abyss of political disorganization, which they mainly blamed on democracy. According to these rulers, an uncontrolled population may turn chaotic, and this will result in general disorganization of the political system of a society. Military rulers believed that the chaotic state of affairs may take a considerably long time to stabilize. This will lead to a great setback in the development of a nation. In addition to the issue of sovereignty, these military rulers were the leading advocates of capitalism. They wanted to accumulate wealth for their own personal interests2. They realized that the national boundaries could not allow them to respond to the increasing system of production, which was a result of capitalism. They acknowledged that the resources available in their nations were inadequate to contain the expansion of productions in tandem with capitalism. This made the rulers to concentrate on breaking down the national boundaries through acts of aggression like wars. Therefore, these leaders believed in administering the varying levels of coercion and aggression in controlling the subordinate’s actions, and in wealth accumulation through capitalism3. On the other hand, the educated citizens and activists were indifferent to this style of governance used by military rulers like the fascists. According to their ideology, the rule of law should be given a chance in any human population. The scholars advocated for the adoption of the constitution. These scholars acknowledged that for a more civilized state, there must be the participation of the people in the governance of a state. For a more secure and stable society, the leaders should be in the fore front in protecting the law. The population should be allowed participation through the election of representatives in the committees of administration. These representatives will push towards promotion of the population’s happiness and in fighting for the safeguard of his/her people’s rights4. The main ideology held by the advocates of constitutionalism and parliamentary representation is that the population must have a stake in formulating the guidelines to be used in governing them. For example, in a constitutional governing system, the consent of the representatives must be obtained. This allows humane formulation of the rules to be adopted in the constitution. On the contrary, the legislative power practiced by the military rules gives no room for the public’s participation in matters of legislations. The whole power remained in the hands of the sovereign rulers and was not bestowed to the people. This was contrary to the ideology of those opposing rule of the whip, which allows little or no participation of their subjects in matters of governance. What pushed the development of the constitutionalism ideology was the need to implement a revolutionary socialism. The enlightened members of the population ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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