September 11 Terrorist Attacks on the United States Introduction: The September 11, 2001 attack on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon in the United States is one of the worst terrorist attacks ever in the human history. It has resulted in thousands of deaths and billions of Dollars losses…
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Rather, they have left their undesirable harmful effects on a lot of countries around the world. In fact, it would not be an over exaggeration to say there is hardly any country that has not impacted by these attacks in one way or another. Pre September 11 Attacks: After the collapse of socialism and the remaining of capitalism as the only political and economic power in the world, several theories emerged in an attempt to predict the kind of conflict that may emerge in the future. The end of History and the clash of civilizations are among the various theories that tried to put a framework for international relationships in the future. Francis Fukuama was the first political analyst to coin the phrase "End of History," in his article that bore the same name and published in 1989. In that article, Fukuyama argued that there is a remarkable contemporary achievement concerning the legitimacy of liberal democracy, constituting a system of government. This system, which had emerged in the eighties throughout the world, replaced all other known ideologies like hereditary monarchy, fascism. Accordingly, Fukuyama proposed that liberal democracy may constitute the "end point of mankind's ideological evolution." Thus, he explicitly introduced liberal democracy to be the final and most ideal form of human government, which human minds can not think of any better form of government. This leads him to think that this current status and ideologies marks the "end of history." That's because this form of government is free from any defects, unlike previous ideologies, which were characterized by various defects and irrationalities that led to their eventual collapse. Consequently, Francis Fukuyama argued that 1989 represented the triumph of market capitalism and liberal democratic ideology. Since then, market power was set to become the modernization project of choice for all countries of the world. So, the future of the international system, according to Fukuyama and many other political analysts, was to be characterized by the gradual democratization of market-democratic institutions, policies, values and culture. Liberal institutionalism would replace international anarchy by the international rule of law. Thus, it is believed that "the ‘End of History’ paradigm was upon us; the triumph of Western-style modernity was set to create one universal world civilization" (Herd, Graeme P. & Martin, Weber). In our contemporary world, it is obvious that the world market has fully dominated the role of the state in most countries of the world. There have been many economic and political analysts who believe that states are loosing their traditional roles in the face of the growing international market. An example of these economists is Herman M. Schwartz. Drawing on an assessment of the historical evolution of the world economy, Schwartz shows how the 21st century world has come to resemble the late 19th century, in which markets typically overwhelmed state policies, more than the mid-20th century in which states were often able to control or contain markets (Strange). In that sense, globalization has been playing a major role in this transformation process from state-based markets into free ones. Schwartz shows that globalization is a much more complicated term and more multi-faceted phenomenon than its current protagonists generally argue. He also believes that globalization provides a clear account of the complex interdependence of modern states and
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The author states that the most salient responses of the United States to the 9/11 were undoubtedly fighting the War on Terror and strengthening the air defense. The most immediate response was the creation of a $40 billion emergency fund, of which $10 billion were immediately made available for emergency rescue and rebuilding.
Therefore, the topic enhances or evaluates the existence of various things related with policy making, internal politics, programs of security agencies and administrative procedures of the nation. The disaster has brought considerable changes in the relationship between terrorism threats and crime, U.S citizens and their policies against terrorism.
This hypothesis is not obvious, but it is a fact that the war between Iraq and the US has its basis in the ethical difference between the two nations. What is ethical in the United States may be very unethical Iraq. This essay will therefore, investigate the ethical conflict between the US and Iraq.
On average, 46 percent said that al Qaeda was behind the attacks while 15 percent say the US government, seven percent Israel, and seven percent some other perpetrator. One in four said they do not know (International Poll: No Consensus On Who Was Behind 9/11, 2010) (See appendix for more details) The 9/11 attacks on Trade Centre and other critical location in America have raised many controversies.
They aimed at the central and key areas of America. The agenda of the group was to create maximum havoc uponAmerica. The 110 storied Twin Towers of TheWorld Trade Center and the Pentagon were the symbols of American hegemony over the other nations. The Pentagon was the core of American military power, and the Twin towers, the epitome of economic stability.
This Act enhances law enforcement by providing a number of investigatory tools. It aims to punish the perpetrators of terrorism at home and the world. This Act fortifies measures to prevent, detect, and prosecute the perpetrators of international money laundering and financing to terrorist activities (USA PATRIOT Act).
Why does the US continue to label Hezbollah as a terrorist organization? Hezbollah is an organization in Lebanon that has been branded as a terrorist organization. Different governments have different perceptions and because of their perceptions, they act differently.
Terrorism is defined by the UN General Assembly as any criminal act or acts carried out for the purpose of provoking a “state of terror in the general public” or specific groups of individuals “for political purposes” and usually justified on ideological grounds (Biernatzki, 2002, p. 2).
A comparative study between Pearl Harbor and the terrorist attacks of 9/11. Compare the differences in intelligence. Where did the intelligence fail that allowed the attacks to take place. What are the similarities between the two attacks. 1. Introduction The use of intelligence in the military has been often negatively criticized as of its effectiveness.
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